Honored by Hatred: Elite Propaganda and U.S. Policy in the Middle East

A recent op-ed in the Washington Post offers an instructive example of elite opinion towards the Israeli-Palestinian conflict and the kind of logic, or lack thereof, which guides U.S. policy.

Richard Cohen, in an article entitled, “They Honor Us With Their Hate”, begins by reminding his readers of news that on September 11, 2001, “the Palestinians were cheering the deaths of about 3,000 innocent people in America”.

He then proceeds to explain that this was “before America’s retaliatory invasion of Afghanistan or the war in Iraq”, before “Guantanamo became shorthand for abuse of the president’s constitutional authority and before the outrage of Abu Ghraib”; “In other words, the demonstration by Palestinians (in the Lebanese refugee camp of Shatila) preceded most of the usual reasons given for why America today is held in contempt by much of the world.”

Cohen informs his readers that he’s been to Shatila and mentions Israel “allegedly abetting the 1982 massacre of Palestinians in the Sabra and Shatila refugee camps by Lebanese Christian forces.” He notes, “The Palestinians have been mistreated by just about everybody, including, of course, their own inept and often corrupt leadership.”

“Still,” he continues, “the chief reason for the cheering on Sept. 11 was U.S. support for Israel. Sometimes that support has been mindless and sometimes it has been over the top, but fundamentally it is based on certain truths.” Among these “truths”, is that “Israel is a legally sanctioned state, created by the United Nations in 1948”, Iran and “a host of militant organizations — Hamas, Hezbollah, Islamic Jihad and, of course, al-Qaeda — fervently wish for Israel’s destruction.” Cohen then adds that “There is no way the United States could appease these groups and not, in the process, trample on its own moral values. Israel on occasion is wrong — and the settlements are an abomination — but its existence is right.”

Although the Bush administration has “made matters worse”, “in a way, America has little choice about being hated in some parts of the world. The United States is never going to be truly popular as long as it insists on adhering to certain principles.”

In conclusion, Cohen writes, “It’s always nice to have friends. Sometimes, though, it’s more honorable to have enemies.”Richard Cohen, “They Honor Us With Their Hate”, Washington Post, July 10, 2007.

In short, while Israel is sometimes in the wrong, we must support that country out of principle and should hence feel a sense of honor for adhering resolutely to our “principles” rather than seeking to “appease” Israel’s enemies, even when doing so causes them to hate us as well.

It’s an interesting argument, the examination which provides some useful insights. Cohen begins by invoking an image of “the Palestinians” rejoicing about the attacks of September 11. In fact, Palestine officially condemned the terrorist attacks and the images of Palestinians celebrating represented only a small group. It is certainly condemnable for people to praise such a horrible tragedy. But how many Americans cheered on the attack against Afghanistan, resulting, after just the first few months of conflict, in more civilian deaths than caused by the terrorist attacks of September 11? How many Americans cheered on the attack against Iraq? According to the most scientific study to date of mortality rates in Iraq as a result of the war, published in the Lancet medical journal, there have been 655,000 excess Iraqi deaths.David Brown, “Study Claims Iraq’s ‘Excess’ Death Toll Has Reached 655,000?, Washington Post, October 11, 2006 How many Americans have glorified violence such as this? Cohen himself once wrote, “In a post-Sept. 11 world, I thought the prudent use of violence could be therapeutic.”Richard Cohen, “The Lingo of Vietnam”, Washington Post, November 21, 2006; A27.[3] Perhaps it was also “therapeutic” for those Palestinians to celebrate the use of violence.

The relevance of the incidents of Palestinians celebrating the attacks, for Cohen’s purpose, is to show that the U.S. was hated by them even before “most of the usual reasons given” for why America is hated today. The intended implication as that, prior to the invasions of Afghanistan and Iraq, Palestinians had no reason to hate the U.S. The corollary, reiterated again later in his article, is that the U.S. will be hated no matter what it does, even for no good reason, so we must stay the course with present policies.

Of course, Cohen acknowledges that the Palestinians weren’t completely without reason for disliking the U.S. and recognizes that “U.S. support for Israel” was a cause for hatred of U.S. policy even before “the usual reasons” came to be. Other than U.S. support for Israel, however, the U.S. apparently never gave cause for contempt from people in the Middle East before the wars on Afghanistan and Iraq.

Never mind that we created the situation that led to the rise of the Taliban and the al-Qaeda organization by funding, arming, and training the most radical Islamists — whom President Reagan later regarded as “freedom fighters” — in an effort to overthrow the Afghani government; funding which began in part, according to then National Security Advisor Zbigniew Brzezinski, in order to “induce a Soviet military intervention” — a policy carried out with no inconsiderable success. Brzezinski even bragged about having had “the opportunity of giving the USSR its Vietnam war”, despite the overthrow of a progressive government which sought to improve rights for women and its replacement with warlords intent upon establishing their repressive versions of Sharia, or Islamic law.Interview with Zbigniew Brzezinski, Le Nouvel Observateur, January 1998 (translated from the French by William Blum). In fact, when the Taliban rose to power they were initially greeted as liberators for ridding the people of the warlords, some of whom have since regained power as allies of the U.S. in the war to overthrow the Taliban.Ahmed Rashid, Taliban: The Story of the Afghan Warlords, (Pan Macmillan, London 2001), p.5. The Soviet-Afghan war left more than a million dead Afghans and five million refugees; but this is of little concern to Brzezinksi and other U.S. government policy-makers.Afghanistan War”, The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition, 2007. And for Cohen and his ilk, such policies and their devastating results are easily enough wiped from memory.

And never mind that the bombing of Iraq didn’t begin in March 2003. Bombings had continued intermittently since the 1991 Persian Gulf War, escalating sharply in 1998 and continuing regularly since then until 2003, when the bombing once again escalated in the “shock and awe” campaign and subsequent invasion. The U.S. also bears primary responsibility for the U.N. sanctions that resulted in the deaths of over a million Iraqis, most of whom were children. According to the U.N., by 1999 the sanctions had resulted in the deaths of over half a million children.Iraq surveys show ‘humanitarian emergency’”, UNICEF, August 12, 1999.

Denis Halliday, then Assistant Secretary-General of the United Nations and coordinator of humanitarian relief to Iraq, resigned in 1998 in protest of the sanctions. “We are in the process of destroying an entire society,” he said at the time. “It is as simple and terrifying as that. It is illegal and immoral.”Andrew Buncombe, “Infant mortality in Iraq soars as young pay the price for war”, The Independent, May 8, 2007. As he later put it, “I had been instructed to implement a policy that satisfies the definition of genocide: a deliberate policy that has effectively killed well over a million individuals, children and adults.”John Pilger, “Squeezed to Death”, Guardian, March 4, 2000.

Halliday’s successor, Hans von Sponeck, also resigned in protest in 2000. As a result of sanctions, he said, putting it mildly, “We can expect people entering adult life much less well prepared than their parents were in facing civic responsibility, in having an ethical and moral grounding when they were taught mainly how to survive under sanctions. The chances are pretty good that we will see a generation that will not be so favorably inclined towards countries in Europe and North America.”The Unfinished War: The Legacy of Desert Storm”, CNN, January 5, 2001.

But never mind all that. Before Bush went and screwed things up, we’d never given anyone in the Middle East cause to hate us.

There are no shortage of other examples of U.S. policies and actions in the Middle East that would incur the wrath of anyone who happened to be unfortunate enough to be on the receiving end, and yet Cohen would have his readers believe that the U.S. had little nothing to provoke hatred prior to 2001. It’s doubtful that this is due to ignorance and far more likely the result of dishonesty.

Cohen next attempts to demonstrate his objectivity by mentioning the slaughter of civilians in Sabra and Shatila in 1982. But he caveats his statement by saying that Israel only “allegedly” abetted this war crime. In truth, complicity was admitted. The Israeli Defense Force, under then Defense Minister Ariel Sharon, instructed the Christian Phalange militia to enter the camp.Noam Chomsky, The Fateful Triangle, (South End Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts 1999), p. 360. Israel’s commission of inquiry into the massacre, the Kahan Commission, found Sharon personally responsible and concluded that “it is impossible to justify the Minister of Defense’s disregard of the danger of a massacre”, adding that “this danger was certainly to have been anticipated”.Report of the Commission of Inquiry into the events at the refugee camps in Beirut, February 8, 1983.

After the onset of the slaughter, U.S. special envoy Morris Draper demanded of Israel that “You must stop the massacres. They are obscene…. You ought to be ashamed. The situation is rotten and terrible. They are killing children. You are in absolute control of the area and therefore responsible for that area.”Chomsky, p. 368. Israeli writer Amos Elon likened it to “A man who puts a snake into a child’s bed and says: ‘I’m sorry. I told the snake not to bite. I didn’t know snakes were so dangerous.’ It’s impossible to understand. This man’s a war criminal.”Chomsky, p. 392. Ze’ev Schiff, another well known Israeli writer, similarly commented that “whoever allowed the Phalangists to enter the refugee camps on their own can be compared to one who allows a fox into the chicken coop and then wonders why the chickens were all eaten.”Ibid.

But Cohen’s use of the word “allegedly” serves its purpose: Palestinians are evildoers who celebrate terrorist atrocities, while Israel is a good state worthy of our support despite occasional mistakes, real or “alleged”. Presumably, U.S. support for the 1982 invasion of Lebanon of which the Sabra and Shatila massacres were a part were one of those occasions when U.S. support was “over the top” — but in the end, in Cohen’s formula, necessary in order to adhere to our moral principles.

Besides our moral principles, we must also support Israel because “Israel is a legally sanctioned state, created by the United Nations in 1948.” This, simply stated, is a fabrication—though an often enough repeated one that blame for its propagation cannot be placed with Cohen. The United Nations did not create the state of Israel in 1948. The U.N. neither has the authority to take land from one people and give it to another nor has it ever presumed to usurp such authority. On November 29, 1947, the U.N. General Assembly adopted a non-binding resolution (only U.N. Security Council resolutions are legally binding) recommending the partition of Palestine, subsequent to the end of the British “mandate”, into Arab and Jewish states.U.N. General Assembly Resolution 181, 1947 Though Jews were a minority of the population of Palestine (608,000 Jews to 1,269,000 Arabs at the end of 1946), the plan apportioned a majority of Palestine, including most of the best land, to the Jews (approximately 56 percent to 43 percent). The Arabs, naturally, rejected the proposal. When the British withdrew from Palestine on May 15, 1948, the Zionist leaders under David Ben-Gurion unilaterally proclaimed the existence of the State of Israel.Joel Beinin and Lisa Hajjar, “Palestine, Israel and the Arab-Israeli Conflict: A Primer”, Middle East Research & Information Project.

According to Cohen’s logic, we must support Israel against the Palestinians simply because Israel is a “legally sanctioned state” while the Palestinians are stateless. The fact that this is a historical myth aside, it’s instructive that according to Cohen’s argument, it is adherence to “principals” to support the oppression of one people over another based simply on the status of their statehood. According to this formula, the U.S. should have supported Saddam Hussein’s Iraq against the Kurds because Iraq was legally a state while the Kurds were stateless. How this position is reconcilable with serious moral principles seems a mystery, but this doesn’t stop Cohen from laying claim to the higher moral ground.

In his effort to lay such claim, Cohen adds that Iran and various militant groups “fervently wish for Israel’s destruction.” Israel is thus the victim while its opponents are monsters which threaten its very existence. This is a dramatic departure from reality. First, even if were as Cohen says, the fact that some “wish for Israel’s destruction” doesn’t mean they are capable of destroying Israel. Israel’s existence has never been threatened, as history has demonstrated repeatedly, the most outstanding example of which was the June 1967 war. Again, at that time, there was speak of a genocidal threat to Israel, a threat to the very existence of the state. Yet the outcome of the war was never in doubt, only how long it would take Israel to win a decisive victory. U.S. intelligence estimates were very near the mark and it took only six days for Israel to achieve its aim.

Second, the truth of this characterization is questionable. In one prominent contemporary example, Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad has been widely quoted as having said that Israel “must be wiped off the map”.Nazila Fathi, “Iran’s President Says Israel Must Be ‘Wiped Off the Map’”, New York Times, October 26, 2007. This translation uses the English idiom meaning “to obliterate totally”,Oxford English Dictionary. and the quote has often been cited as proof that Iran harbors the intent to commit violence and wishes “for Israel’s destruction”, a veritable call for genocide.

The only catch is that Ahmadinejad never said any such thing.See Juan Cole’s Blog “Informed Comment”, May 3, 2006. Jonathan Steele, “Lost in Translation”, Comment is Free (Guardian), June 14, 2006. He quoted Ayatollah Khomeini as saying, “This regime that is occupying Qods [Jerusalem] must be eliminated from the pages of history.” The context of his speech was concerning oppressive and illegitimate regimes, of which Saddam Hussein’s Iraq and the Shah’s Iran were also included.This is the translation provided by The Middle East Media Research Institute.

Even the New York Times, while incredibly defending their use of “wiped off the map” and suggesting Ahmadinejad may have been calling for war, acknowledges that Ahmadinejad never said “Israel”, but “occupying regime of Jerusalem”, and that he actually used a metaphorical expression with an approximate meaning of “pages of time or history” and not literally “map”.Ehtan Bronner, “Just How Far Did They Go, Those Words Against Israel?”, New York Times, June 11, 2006.

His conclusion, based on the assertion that Israel’s enemies “fervently wish for Israel’s destruction”, is that the U.S. must not “trample on its own moral values”, but must rather, even though “the settlements are an abomination”, continue to support Israel because “its existence is right.”

The pen of the propagandist thus makes it a moral obligation for the U.S. to continue to support Israel’s ongoing wiping of any viable future Palestinian state from the map because its enemies harbor similar intentions towards Israel. Why the U.S. shouldn’t support Palestinian aspirations for a state against Israel’s ongoing policy of wiping any potential Palestine from the map because its existence would be right and consistent with our moral obligations is left unexplained.

By the time he’s done, Cohen manages to explain away hatred towards the U.S. as being the result of the U.S. “adhering to certain principles” (this is certainly true, but Cohen clearly means moral principles), rather than the result of the U.S. having strayed from moral principles. Our support of Israel, our bombing of Iraq, our deliberate policy of starving Iraqi children, our overthrow of democratic leaders, our support for oppressive regimes—all of these historic U.S. policies and deeds are the result of policy-makers “adhering to certain principles”, and thus good and true and right.

The U.S. not only has done nothing to deserve the hatred of others, but they only hate us because we are so good, and so we should therefore take pride in the fact that we are so unloved by so many people in so much of the world.

It is hardly uncommon for such utterly nonsensical arguments in favor of existing U.S. policies to be propagated among the educated elite, among politicians and the intelligentsia. That this state of affairs even exists offers extraordinary insight into the political culture of the U.S. and is a sad commentary upon the health of true moral principles amongst educated Americans.

Jeremy R. Hammond is the editor of Foreign Policy Journal, a website providing news, analysis, and opinion from outside the standard framework provided by government officials and the corporate media. He was among the recipients of the 2010 Project Censored Awards for outstanding investigative journalism and is the author of The Rejection of Palestinian Self-Determination. You can contact him at: jeremy@foreignpolicyjournal.com. Read other articles by Jeremy, or visit Jeremy's website.

4 comments on this article so far ...

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  1. Michael Kenny said on July 13th, 2007 at 5:51pm #

    I have an odd sort of feeling that Mr Cohen is not a Muslim and I wonder if that fact might have influenced his viewpoint.

  2. Adam said on July 13th, 2007 at 9:10pm #

    “…All you have to do is to tell them they are being attacked and denounce the pacifists for lack of patriotism and exposing the country to danger. It works the same in every country.”
    — Hermann Goering at the Nuremberg trial

  3. Mulga Mumblebrain said on July 14th, 2007 at 5:40pm #

    As Michael Kenny points out, Cohen is a Rightwing Jew, a ‘Judeofascist’ if you like. While the cause of human decency has been greatly assisted by many Jews, from time immemorial, up to the likes of Einstein, Oppenheimer, Chomsky and numerous others, to fail to constantly examine the role of fascist and racist ideology amongst Jews is, I believe, a grave error. Very often the worst of Rightwing ideologues are Jews, of the Likudnick variety. The whole neo-con/Ziocon tendency with is virulent and belligerently arrogant spokesmen, and its utter domination of the mass media,is driving us to religious and race war. Already they have the blood of millions on their hands, yet any criticism of their actions and their insane ideology is suppressed, or met with howls of ‘anti-Semitism’. While I do not doubt that anger over the Holocaust and fear of a recurrence may explain some of the witches’ brew of Zionist aggression, it must also be plain that religious atavism is also involved. After all the claim to Palestine and the subsequent ethnic cleansing and utter brutality to the Palestinians over decades are justified by recourse to faery stories, most of which archeology has proven to be concoctions. Unless Israel and the Right of World Jewry are somehow compelled to behave decently,there can be no end to the war and strife, and it must end in genocide. Already Iraq, with two or three million excess deaths since 1991, meets many of the criteria of genocide, but what happens if an even more fundamentalist Israeli regime emerges, and seeks to seize forever that part of Lebanon, Syria, Jordan and Iraq that was encompassed by the Zionists claim of an Eretz Yisrael from the Nile to the Euphrates? The money and political power of Jewry in the US is an unprecedented confluence of events. That a tiny, relentlessly aggressive group has effectively taken over the politics of the sole hyperpower and directs its firepower to its expansionist and racist ends, places not only millions of Middle Easterners in grave danger, the only true ‘existential threat’ in the region while Israel keeps its nuclear monopoly, but the rest of humanity too. To analyze Cohen simply as a member of the thoroughly co-opted US power elite, without analyzing his Jewish supremacist attitudes as well, is to leave the task half-done.

  4. Deadbeat said on August 5th, 2007 at 11:28am #

    ( to fail to constantly examine the role of fascist and racist ideology amongst Jews is, I believe, a grave error. )

    Exactly as well as how this ideology bleeds into so-called “progressive” thought as well. We’ve seen this especially with the so-called “anti-war” movement with the obscuring slogan such as “War for Oil”. What these “liberals” want to conceal is Zionism as “post-modern” racism. Sure we still have black/brown vs white supremacy but Zionism is an outgrowth of the same sort of ideology of dominance that need to be challenged her in the U.S. especially since it is a leading favor in the U.S. MidEast policy costing lives and trillions of dollars.