Ben Affleck, Rwanda, and Corporate Sustained Catastrophe (Part 2)

FUBAR in Central Africa

(See part 1 here.)

The euphemistically named Refugees International (RI)—like the US Committee for Refugees—is tight with the US intelligence community and uses a ‘humanitarian’ front to project American power and nationalist interests through hegemonic pressure tactics and direct interventions. However, RI’s support for expanded militarization and global domination is easily unveiled.1

Indeed, the UNHCR has a much more incestuous relationship with the massive ongoing catastrophe on the ground in eastern Congo. One of the multinational corporations affiliated with UNHCR is PricewaterhouseCoopers International (PWC), an ‘accounting’ firm whose business revolves around balancing the books, financial audits and advising tax write-offs and other forms of financial shuffling for multinational corporations. Head-quartered in New York City, PWC earned $US 28.2 billion in revenues in 2008.

PWC is also a shareholder in the corporations involved in the niobium/tantalum (pyrochlore) mine at Lueshe, North Kivu, at the heart of Rwanda’s ‘Tutsi rebel’ occupation in eastern DRC.2 ,3

The mining ores from the Lueshe mine have previously been moved into international commerce through Rotterdam harbor, Netherlands, involving the following firms affiliated with PricewaterhouseCoopers International (US): Alfred K. Knight International (UK); Masingiro GmbH (Germany); Helvetia Transport (Germany); Gesellschaft fuer Elektrometallurgie GmbH (Germany); HSBC Bank (UK); A&M Minerals (UK); Mettalurg NY (US).

PWC was the dominant majority shareholder of Somikivu s.c.a.r.l., a company established in Congo (Zaire) in 1984, and controlled in North Kivu for numerous years past by troops under the command of Rwandan warlords Laurent Nkunda and Jules Mutebusi, both wanted for war crimes and crimes against humanity.4

“The crimes and war crimes committed by the management of the PricewaterhouseCoopers company Somikivu since the year 2000 up until now will not be quoted here,” wrote the authors of a 2006 letter calling on the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development to address PWC for violations of OECD guidelines for multinational corporations.5

In budget year 2008, PWC offices worldwide collectively ‘donated’ $US 1,511,982 to UNHCR.6

Affleck’s affiliation with Save the Children is equally problematic given their sponsorship by the giant Swiss multinational corporation Credit Suisse Group (CSG).

One CSG director is Peter F. Weibel, a CEO and executive of PricewaterhouseCoopers AG, Zurich since 1988, member of PWC’s Global Oversight Board from 1998 to 2001, and CEO of PWC Zurich until mid 2003—a period when PWC continued to intervene in Congo—militarily and politically—through the Lueshe mine.7

Interestingly, PricewaterhouseCoopers has also served as the ‘Chartered Accountants’ for Banro Corporation from September 1996—the date of the first RPA/UPDF invasion of Congo—until November 2002, and was listed as such again for 2005 (at least).8

Another CSG director is Thomas W. Bechtler, also the Chairman of the Zurich Committee of Human Rights Watch. Of course, HRW ‘researcher’ Alison Des Forges wrote the HRW tome on genocide in Rwanda—Leave None to Tell the Story—the book that turned genocide in Rwanda upside down and set the stage for the total falsification of international consciousness.9

“This genocide resulted from the deliberate choice of a modern elite to foster hatred and fear to keep itself in power,” Des Forges wrote. Her assertions about a ‘planned’ Hutu genocide—”They seized control of the state and used its machinery and its authority to carry out the slaughter”—are now completely discredited.9

In contradistinction to the establishment narrative accusing the ‘Hutu leadership’ of an ‘organized’ and ‘planned’ genocide were the countless acts of genocide committed through a spontaneous uprising of the masses—people who had been brutalized, disenfranchised, uprooted and forced from homes; people who had witnessed massacres and rapes of family members; people who were themselves the victims of brutal atrocities. These were more than a million people, mostly Hutus, who had been terrorized by the Rwandan Patriotic Army from October 1990 to April 1994, as it butchered its way into Rwanda.

“She [Des Forges] concealed the fact that from 1990 the war caused an unprecedented economic poverty and that the one million internally displaced people tore the social fabric apart!” wrote Dr. Helmut Strizek, a former German official who has called for Alison Des Forges’ resignation from Human Rights Watch.10 “And these people knew that Tutsi rebels [RPA] caused their misery. They did not wait for ‘instructions’ in order to revenge, once no one was able to maintain public order after the April 6 [1994] assassination [sic] and resumption of hostilities by the RPF.”11

At one Harvard University lecture on October 14, 1998, Alison Des Forges proposed a hypothetical ‘decapitation’ scenario whereby military intervention by a team of elite operatives could have ‘stopped the genocide’. “The scenario calls for elite troops to enter Rwanda in the first 2 to 5 days of the genocide and kill or capture the 20 or so extremist leaders who were primarily responsible for mobilizing the genocide.”12

However, this is regime change, and it is in keeping with the new ‘humanitarian’ warfare paradigm, and it licenses special operations forces to commit human rights atrocities and acts of terror legitimized by one state (US) over its ‘enemies’. And, in any case, there was no regime in Kigali to change as the state had already been decapitated by the double presidential assassinations of April 6, 1994. Des Forges’ role has been to hide the US backed coup d’etat in Rwanda and to obscure the involvement of the United States military and its western military partners.

Allison Des Forges, senior adviser to Human Rights Watch, presents a lecture on 'genocide in Rwanda' at Harvard University's Kennedy School of Government. Photo Keith Harmon Snow, 2007.

Allison Des Forges, senior adviser to Human Rights Watch, presents a lecture on 'genocide in Rwanda' at Harvard University's Kennedy School of Government. Photo Keith Harmon Snow, 2007.

Between 1990 and 1994, the RPA waged a systematic, pre-planned, secretive but highly organized terrorist war aimed at eliminating the largest number of Rwandan people possible—bodies were hacked to pieces and incinerated en masse. From 1994, once the RPA violently seized power, a terror regime was created, and developed, and a criminal structure parallel to the state was set up to pursue pre-determined kidnappings; torturing and raping of women and young girls; terrorist attacks (both directly and by simulating that the same had been perpetrated by the enemy); illegal detention of thousands of civilians; selective murdering; systematic elimination of corpses either by mass incineration or by throwing them into lakes and rivers; indiscriminate attacks against civilians based on pre-determined ethnic categories for the elimination of the predominant ethnic group; and also to carry out acts of war in Rwanda and Congo.13

Ben Affleck has met with Rwandan ministers and he is investing in Rwanda. However, his ties to Paul Kagame run deeper than mere investments supported by Rwanda’s organized crime cartel.


The 1996 Rwandan Patriotic Army invasion of eastern Congo—then Zaire—began with military attacks against refugee camps in the North and South Kivu provinces where more than two million Rwandan refugees were amassed. These death camps were created by the so-called international community—the ‘humanitarian’ business sector—and they revolved around massive profits for the corporate agencies involved, including Refugees International, Save the Children, World Food Program and UNHCR—all connected to the western military intelligence apparatus and integrated with multinational corporate plunder.

Refugees International’s operations during their involvement in the Rwandan refugee camps in Congo (Zaire), 1995-1996, were funded in part by Credit Swiss (CS) First Boston, a subsidiary of the Credit Suisse Group.14 Robert Weisenthall, a strategic advisor at CS First Boston in the same period, counted as clients Cox Communications, Time Warner and the New York Times—all involved in the big Rwanda genocide cover-up. Wiesenthall is today an executive with Sony Corporation, whose PlayStations depend upon columbium tantalite, one of the rare earth metals being plundered from eastern Congo.15

The Rwandan refugee camps were reportedly first shelled in a military operation involving the International Rescue Committee (IRC), one of the UNHCR’s main partners today.16 The IRC is an agency that does not work directly with refugees and has been criticized for its direct involvement in military operations.17

“Humanitarian organizations operating among the Hutu refugees in eastern Zaire and Belgian newspapers accused some US refugee non-governmental organizations, especially the [IRC] of being covers for CIA operations,” reported intelligence insider Wayne Madsen. “Two Belgian newspapers, Antwerp Gazette and De Standaard, reported that the IRC was actually engaged in ‘military operations and military support operations’ in support of [Laurent] Kabila’s rebels in eastern Zaire.”18

According to UNHCR documentation, IRC agents are allowed to move freely in and out of UNHCR and other UN field operations. It almost need not be stated, so obvious a conclusion is it, that so-called ‘humanitarian’ organizations are routinely and unquestioningly used for intelligence gathering and for identifying both friendly and hostile members of certain populations.

With the support of his friends in the RPA, Ugandan scholar Mahmood Mamdani traveled to the Kivus shortly after the 1996 invasion of Congo (Zaire). Mamdani and RPA backer Jacques Depelchin produced a report that documented the genocidal RPA campaign against Hutus, and the devastating effects of the AID enterprise on eastern Congo.19 Mamdani described the ‘dollarization’ that destroyed the local economy; how rents were driven up by the influx of an army of ‘AID’ workers; how local people found basic needs increasingly beyond their reach.20

“To talk to civil society leaders in Kivu about the experience of hosting two million plus refugees resourced through international NGOs,” Mamdani reported, “is to listen to a litany of troubles—criminality, ill health, increased prices, lowered production, mounting insecurity—all traced to that single experience.”20

The eastern Congo never recovered from the combined devastation wrought by the post-1994 Rwandan Patriotic Army terror regime in combination with the Rwandan refugee influx. Then as now, the enterprise spawned one disaster after another and the situation today can only be explained as a manufactured disaster.

In Congo they call it MONUC AIR. Seen here is a jetliner leased by MONUC on a flight from Bujumbura, Burundi to Kinshasa, Congo's capital city, filled to about 10% capacity. Photo Keith Harmon Snow, 2005.

In Congo they call it MONUC AIR. Seen here is a jetliner leased by MONUC on a flight from Bujumbura, Burundi to Kinshasa, Congo's capital city, filled to about 10% capacity. Photo Keith Harmon Snow, 2005.

The Ben Affleck Gimme Shelter film is part of an ongoing propaganda campaign to whitewash the international catastrophe created, and sustained, in eastern Congo, by the conflux of so-called ‘humanitarian aid’ operations and so-called ‘international peacekeeping’ operations with multinational corporate plunder.

“Ordinary people in Goma, DRC, struggling with economic consequences of war have accused rebel leader, Laurent Nkunda of waging a war that is beneficial to the whites,” reported Zimbabwe News. “Deniece who runs a vegetable stall in north Kivu, said the conflict is good for the well-paid members of the 18-nation MONUC peacekeeping force, aid agencies and news organizations.”21

What is obvious to peasant vegetable sellers is that the Democratic Republic of the Congo offers a very clear example of a corporate sustained catastrophe of apocalyptic proportions.


The United Nations Observers Mission for Congo (MONUC) supported Ben Affleck’s visit to eastern Congo. This mission is increasingly seen as a boondoggle, and it appears more and more likely that MONUC’s ‘failure’ is by design. How do we measure the overall failure or success of the MONUC peacekeeping mission?

Any discussion of the role of MONUC in Congo is absent from Affleck’s film. Instead we only see a few passing images of MONUC blue helmets, armed Pakistanis or Indian troops, suggestive of an efficacious and honorable security force selflessly defending the Congolese people.

The MONUC Public Information Office (PIO), responsible for disseminating information about the MONUC mission, might best be described as a ‘disinformation’ office for the false information that they have provided, on many occasions, regarding MONUC realities.

“In La Potentiel today,” wrote Great Lakes analyst David Barouski, in January 2008, “UN civilian sector spokesman Mr. Kemal Saiki reported that the [Rwanda Defense Forces] is not present in Congo. This is not the truth and I cannot imagine that Mr. Saiki is so poorly informed that he honestly does not know they are there. Such an act degrades MONUC’s credibility with the Congolese people and the international community, who already know the RDF is there.”22

This was not the first time that Public Information Officer (PIO) Kemal Saiki clouded the truth with intentional disinformation. At the beginning of 2007, MONUC troops opened fire on angry civilians who rushed a MONUC vehicle: people were shot dead. When asked about the incident, Saiki denied that MONUC has opened fire on the crowd and insisted that the MONUC forces only ‘shot into the air.”23

MONUC PIOs have also supported the establishment claims about Ugandan military (UPDF) withdrawals, and they have refused to report UPDF incursions in the Orientale region.

Not only does MONUC makes it possible for western mining companies to loot Congo, but MONUC contingents have also participated in illegal minerals plunder from DRC.24

On October 17, 2007, MONUC spokesperson Kemal Saiki told journalists that the MONUC mission categorically denied recent reports in the Congolese press that the peacekeepers were in any way supporting the factional forces loyal to Rwanda’s in-country agent, General Laurent Nkunda.25

Can MONUC PIOs be believed? Can MONUC press reports be trusted?

While certain political actors, including FARDC troops, have sometimes played a hand in civilian protests against the MONUC ‘peacekeeping’ mission in Congo, civilian attacks have become routine as the besieged Congolese people wage frustration battles against the forces of intervention that many believe—based on their personal experiences—are both contributing to and profiting from chaos in the region. The Congolese FARDC army also distrusts the mission: a MONUC convoy moving militia soldiers was recently stopped by FARDC forces and the militia soldiers forcibly removed.26

December 28, 2008 saw fresh allegations that MONUC blue helmets were involved in sexual violence and other abuse against civilians in North Kivu.27 Simple investigations in Bunia, capital of Orientale, found at least five cases of young women who had been raped by MONUC personnel; in one case, the young girl killed her baby and went to prison, but the civilian MONUC official, unpunished, was apparently transferred to another post.28 Is this an example of MONUC’s ‘zero tolerance policy’ against sexual violence by MONUC personnel?

“The Congolese people no more have trust in MONUC. We think that they are supporting the rebels,” North Kivu resident Adili Amani Romauld is reported to say. “And there is a rumor that MONUC profits from the business of the rebels because people have seen soldiers of MONUC saying that ‘no Nkunda, no jobs.’ This is what the Congolese say they saw soldiers of MONUC saying… but from the time they say MONUC came to this country, nothing has changed. So we no more expect anything good from them.”29

The annual MONUC budget is $US 1.13 billion, of which approximately 40% is annually spent on air transport in and between DRC, Burundi, Rwanda and Uganda.30 The air transport system therefore provides massive incomes to foreign companies involved in aviation, for fixed wing and helicopter leasing.31 Meanwhile, the leased jumbo jetliner oil burners traveling the long transnational air routes for MONUC are at times over 80% empty.

The MONUC air transport infrastructure maintains structural violence by diverting funds that should be available, and used, for development of Congo’s national transportation infrastructure (especially an appropriate road or light rail system) to the private profits of foreign corporations and governments.

MONUC also rents properties and facilities in Rwanda, Uganda and South Africa (approx. $US 370,000 annually) and pays some $US 93 million annually to oil companies.31 One of the primary providers of air support services for MONUC is Pacific Architects and Engineers (PAE), a subsidiary of the U.S. aerospace and defense giant Lockheed Martin Corporation. Most importantly, the MONUC air transport system is highly exclusive, unavailable to most Congolese people, but open to many highly paid white personnel working for the NGO sector.

Evidence of the structural violence against the Congolese people is prolific, seen with the swimming pools and water yoga classes filled with white expatriate AID professionals—where 99% of blacks are excluded due to their economic (slavery) status—and with the MONUC mission’s expenditures on entertainment infrastructure.

MONUC’s Pakistani and Indian brigades, for example, constructed cricket and soccer (football) facilities. The MONUC cricket games, soccer matches, marching bands, bagpipes and kilts on Sundays and special celebrations are very curious: the construction of athletic facilities and provision of leisure activities are seen by some as examples that MONUC is in it for the long term. Is this a serious ‘peacekeeping’ mission? Or part of a prolonged and lucrative sustainable catastrophe?

UN Messenger for Peace George Clooney, appointed January 31, 2008 due to his high profile role in Darfur, Sudan, also visited the MONUC Indian brigades in DRC’s Kivu provinces, where he painted a picture of MONUC troops as selfless soldiers for good. “We were in Congo and met with the Indian Kivu brigade in January,” he said, in October 2008. “We saw the incredibly important and tough work they are doing every day.”32

Isn’t the MONUC military mission just another faction involved in Congo’s conflagration, a faction of foreign mercenaries backed by multinational corporations? Like the United Nations itself, the MONUC mission is compromised at the highest levels, and the hands of the good people in the mission are tied and their voices silenced.

According to MONUC staff in Kinshasa, the Special Representative of the Secretary General to the DRC, current MONUC Head of Mission Alan Doss, a US citizen, has violated MONUC mission protocol prohibiting family members from joining mission employees. Doss brought his wife to DRC, against regulations, and she is reportedly provided a personal maid, a MONUC 4×4 Toyota SUV with a MONUC driver, for personal use, all paid for by the MONUC mission.

“Everybody cannot believe that Doss is so corrupt,” says one MONUC insider. “He knows nothing about Congo… he is breaking rules every day. Mrs. Doss gave a big reception in Kinshasa to receive George Clooney at the Grand Hotel. It was paid for by MONUC and Doss didn’t even clear the party with the Chief of Division [according to protocol]. People are very angry but they cannot say anything and morale is very low, because everyone sees that the MONUC mission they are part of is a failure.”33

What constitutes success or failure of a United Nations ‘peacekeeping’ mission of MONUC’s stature? What about the failure to displace Rwanda’s guerrilla forces from eastern Congo? What about the failure to intervene and/or halt the ongoing minerals plunder?

Does the involvement of MONUC soldiers in sex trafficking or minerals smuggling constitute the mission’s failure? What about millions of people dead and millions more displaced during the years of MONUC’s involvement in DRC, circa 2001 to 2009?

To his credit, on December 17, 2008, MONUC Chief Alan Doss publicly announced that the MONUC ‘peacekeeping’ mission with its 17,000 soldiers and its $US one billion annual budget “was not equal to the task.”34

Alan Doss inherited a catastrophe from his predecessor, William Lacy Swing—a US State Department official who’s diplomatic career spanned some 40 years including five postings as Ambassador to African countries each under long term organized assault by white collar crime, corporate plunder and covert military interventions: South Africa, Nigeria, Liberia, Zaire (now DRC), and the former People’s Republic of the Congo (Congo-Brazzaville); Swing is also deeply tied to the malaise in Haiti.

At this writing, MONUC staff in Congo are dealing with labor violations due to inequitable treatment and poor working conditions: the promises made by MONUC officials after MONUC in-country staff organized a stop-work strike more than a year ago have been entirely ignored.35

On December 18, 2008, President Bush released $US 6 million in “AID” funds for Congo from the United States Emergency Refugee and Migration Assistance Fund, ostensibly to ‘aid refugees’.


After one of Ben Affleck’s promotional visits to Rwanda, Francis Gatare, Director General of Rwanda Investment and Export Promotion Agency, quoted the Oscar winner as saying: “When you are cheated in a place like Seattle in the US, it’s very easy to think that Rwanda you saw on CNN in 1994 is still the same. Seeing is believing, and I am happy to have come to Rwanda to witness how the peace and security in the country is real and should be communicated to the world.”36

A MONUC financed cricket and football (soccer) field constructed by the Pakistani MONUC brigade near the Bukavu airport, South Kivu. Indian and Pakistani troops regularly hold competitions complete with marching bands. Photo Keith Harmon Snow, 2005.

A MONUC financed cricket and football (soccer) field constructed by the Pakistani MONUC brigade near the Bukavu airport, South Kivu. Indian and Pakistani troops regularly hold competitions complete with marching bands. Photo Keith Harmon Snow, 2005.

However, Rwanda’s ‘peace’ has come about through a campaign of absolute terror against the people and depopulation of the Rwandan countryside.37

But Rwanda pimps its sanitized image through numerous celebrities. In 2007, actress Natalie Portman joined other global celebrities to name baby mountain gorillas for the Dian Fossey Gorilla Fund in Virunga National Park; actress Daryl Hannah has also played that role. Actress Sigourney Weaver is officially tied to the Dian Fossey Gorilla Fund. William Taliaferro Close, the father of actress Glen Close was for many years the personal physician for Zaire’s president Joseph Mobutu.38 Ewan McGregor also boosts Rwanda’s image by traveling there in league with the regime.

The Dian Fossey Gorilla Fund and Jane Goodall Institute are two big profit-based ‘conservation’ NGOs directly tied to militias involved in extortion, land theft and other organized crime in North Kivu province.39 Jane Goodall is currently a United Nations Messenger of Peace but she is so busy giving “Save the Chimp” lectures worldwide that she doesn’t know what she is talking about, and is blind to the crimes that the Jane Goodall Institute is committing, in her name, in Congo.40

A number of other big international names, including Quincy Jones, and the CEOs of Starbucks, Microsoft, Google and CISCO, have previously visited Rwanda on business missions. Kagame’s strategy of surrounding himself with big business to shield his regime against criticisms or indictments for war crimes and acts of genocide has paid off. Big business leaders, business web sites and public relations campaigns the world over describe Paul Kagame as ‘The Entrepreneur President.’41

President Obama’s Christian right evangelist fanatic Rick Warren has also gotten in on the Kagame game. “In 2005 Rwanda became, at the request of its president Paul Kagame, the initial testing ground for Rick Warren’s P.E.A.C.E Plan and the first nation in the world to implement Warren’s “Purpose Driven Life and Leadership training program” on a national level. Warren has made at least ten separate trips to Rwanda and has been photographed multiple times with Rwanda’s President, Paul Kagame.”42

It seems that birds of a feather flock together. Former US President George W. Bush has also had his image buffed by spotlight celebrities. In February 2008, soon after Bush departed Kagame and Rwanda on Air Force One, Bob Geldof—another of Africa’s Great White Hopes—praised Bush as one of the greatest humanitarian Presidents, due to Bush’s supposed concern for Africa —measured in big business financial allocations ostensibly for African people.

Andrew Young, the former US Ambassador to the UN and former Mayor of Atlanta has promoted Rwanda through his corporate consulting firm Goodworks International; Young is also a close sponsor and partner of the US-Uganda Friendship Council, a multinational corporate organization involving and protecting Yoweri Museveni. In 2007, Young’s perception management firm produced the pro-Kagame whitewash titled Rwanda Rising. Billed as a documentary and entered into film festivals, the promo starred Paul Kagame, William Jefferson Clinton and musician Quincy Jones.

Andrew Young is reportedly building a mansion on Lake Muhazi in Rwanda, where Kagame also owns a mansion, and next to exclusive multi-million dollar lakeside resorts and golf courses. Quincy Jones has bought an island on Lake Muhazi.

In 2005, Kagame was awarded the annual Andrew Young Medal for Capitalism and Social Progress by Georgia State University. In 2007 Kagame received the “Abolitionist of the Year Award” after Rwanda abolished the death penalty, a rather ironic result given Kagame’s role in mass death in Congo and Rwanda. But Kagame’s award for being a capitalist couldn’t be more apropos, given the predatory nature of western capitalism as practiced by Kagame’s gang in the Great Lakes region.

Operating in Rwanda and Uganda is the Canadian company Vangold Resources, connected to Robert and Eric Friedland, two of the Friends of Bill Clinton linked to the bloodletting in Congo, Uganda and Rwanda through their multiple interlocking companies and offshore holdings.43

Vangold copper, cobalt and gold mining operations proceed in Uganda’s western border districts.44 The West Nile district mining occurs near the sites of the massive Ugandan government backed atrocities and concentration camps that confine some 1.2 million indigenous Acholi people. Vangold has interests in Kenya, and holds a 1,631 square km (630 sq. mi) petroleum concession bordering Congo in northeastern Rwanda.45

A Vangold Corporation map showing the extent of gold concessions in northeastern Congo, with an arrow denoting the Vangold property on the DRC-Uganda border, making it clear why there is so much bloodshed in DRC's Orientale Province. Image from Vangold web site.

A Vangold Corporation map showing the extent of gold concessions in northeastern Congo, with an arrow denoting the Vangold property on the DRC-Uganda border, making it clear why there is so much bloodshed in DRC's Orientale Province. Image from Vangold web site.

Tony Blair, Britain’s Prime Minister (1997-2007) at the time of the first and second Anglo-American invasions of Congo, led by the proxy forces of Paul Kagame and Yoweri Museveni, has been a personal advisor to President Kagame since January 2008.

Another high profile mover and shaker who helps legitimize the Kagame regime is Harvard University doctor Paul Farmer, who moved his family to Rwanda in 2008 and became a citizen there. Farmer’s Partner’s in Health project has received millions of dollars from the Clinton Foundation and Clinton HIV/AIDS programs—money rinsed from the blood diamonds and indigenous genocides in Botswana, Sierra Leone, Angola, Uganda, Rwanda, South Africa and Congo.46 Maurice Tempelsman, the Clinton/Kennedy family diamond broker, Democratic Party sponsor and an architect of covert operations in Africa, is the Chairman of the board of Harvard University’s euphemistically named AIDS Institute; HAI is partnered with the US Military HIV Research Program.47 ,48

Paul Farmer is also linked to the Kagame regime’s network in Boston, where agent’s of the Kagame regime operate an intelligence cell used to identify, repress and criminalize any Rwandan people who in any way challenge the criminality or injustice of the current regime.49

Paul Farmer wrote an excellent book on structural violence titled Pathologies of Power. In the introduction, Farmer discusses Rwanda and, for example, he comments on the ‘blinkered analyses’ by aid workers in “most settings where massive human rights violations are about to occur.”

“How, one wonders incredulously,” Farmer asked, “could anyone working on behalf of the Rwandan poor [before 1994] have failed to anticipate the oncoming cataclysm?”50

How, one wonders incredulously, could anyone working on behalf of the Rwandan poor today have failed to challenge or distance themselves from Kagame’s Rwanda and its terrorist enterprises, in Congo at the very least, and instead works with the regime and its agents?

Farmer cites the work of Samantha Power, about how the Clinton administration knowingly let genocide in Rwanda happen, as opposed to playing the active role it did in backing a covert coup d’etat and Hutu genocide.51 This fabricated ‘bystanders to genocide’ thesis, intentionally obtuse, won Samantha Power—a founder-director of Harvard’s highly biased Carr Center for Human Rights—a Pulitzer Prize.52 Farmer’s additional references and citations regarding ‘genocide in Rwanda’ are equally misinformed, examples of propaganda that intentionally blinds people.53

Michael Porter, a Harvard professor and ‘intellectual entrepreneur’ from Brookline, Massachusetts, also has close ties to Kagame, both in Massachusetts and in Rwanda. Porter is one of Paul Kagame’s primary economic advisers, “helping that nation craft an economic plan, develop the private sector and build relationships around the world.”54

Ben Affleck’s hometown is Boston, Massachusetts, and this is the stage for Ben Affleck and Matt Damon’s film Good Will Hunting. Boston, it turns out, is also Paul Kagame’s most important power base in the United States, and Cambridge (Harvard University) and Brookline are two influential suburbs.

On January 27, 2009, Democracy Now host Amy Goodman will moderate a panel about Dr. Paul Farmer’s Partner’s In Health mission in Haiti. Panelists will include Paul Farmer and Matt Damon and the panel will be held at Kennedy Library in Boston.

Paul Kagame and his wife Jeanette are regular visitors to Boston, where they have wooed many business leaders, including Mayor Thomas Menino, and where they are tight with the Jewish community. The Tutsis, after all, are the ‘Jews of Africa’ and Rwanda the ‘Israel of Africa’, according to the efficacious mythology perpetuated in part by New Yorker writer Philip Gourevitch, in part by Israeli officials.55 Of course, Israel is also fueling the holocaust in the Congo.56

Kagame has given numerous “we the poor victims of genocide” speeches at Boston area colleges. Such speeches usually provoke guilt about the moral failure of us in the west, and all dissent is stillborn for fear of being accused of genocide denial. The result is a hysterical western ‘news’ consuming public—a hysteria amplified by visits to skeleton ‘memorials’ in Rwanda.57

At Boston College in 2005, Kagame was joined by Pierre-Richard Prosper, the US Ambassador-at-Large for War Crimes Issues. Prosper is a member of Boston College Board of Trustees and has repeatedly visited Rwanda since 1995. Prosper played a major role in neutralizing the International Criminal Tribunal on Rwanda, and in derailing the attempts by ICTR prosecutor Carla Del Ponte to prosecute the RPA for war crimes.58 Prosper echoed the big Rwanda deception about a systematic genocide committed by the Hutus, and he followed with the usual coup de grace on truth: he criticized the international community for ‘failing to act’ and, completely inverting reality, said that the US media “did nothing to explore the genocidal machine that was under full operation in Rwanda.”59 In reality, the US ‘news’ system facilitated the RPA coup d’etat.

Kagame followed with the typical speech filled with the usual platitudes about ‘100 days of killing’, with ‘800,000 to 1,000,000 Tutsis slaughtered’—the language that the propaganda system has, by constant repetition, cemented into the minds of western ‘news’ consumers, thus fostering a sort of mass hysteria about Rwanda that is echoed, mindlessly—even self-righteously, by everyone from the miseducated masses to over educated intellectuals—everywhere. As usual, Kagame turned reality on its head, falsely stating that “the genocide was engineered by the government” of Juvenal Habyarimana.

“It was deliberate, calculated, and cold-blooded,” Kagame said. Indeed it was, as Paul Kagame knows only too well.

Although Paul Kagame has criticized western society and pontificated on the importance of Rwandans being educated in Rwanda, his children attend school in Boston, where they are sheltered by an extensive network, and Ben Affleck—Congo’s new hero and an avid Red Sox fan—has taken the Kagame youth to Boston Red Sox baseball games.60

This is the kind of hidden interest, according to Congolese who have now learned about Affleck’s Kagame and Rwanda connections, that one cannot, in good conscience, ignore. While it might seem endearing that Affleck takes Kagame’s children out to the ball game, it exemplifies Affleck’s close relationship to an internationally renowned war criminal and his conflict of interest in Congo.

The Gimme Shelter campaign is but the latest smokescreen by the western propaganda systems deployed to protect private profits, hidden agendas, and white-collar war crimes in Central Africa. In this equation, the actors and actresses themselves are being used like brand names. UNHCR has the Angelina Jolie brand. UNICEF has the Mia Farrow brand. Save the Children and UNHCR share the Ben Affleck brand name.

Such smokescreens immunize people in North America, Europe, South Africa, Israel and Australia against our own waking up. Using words like ‘humanitarian’ and ‘AID’ and ‘relief’ and ‘peacekeeping’ to misname what are otherwise profitable white operations that are reliant purely on markets—where the commodities are people of color who have been uprooted and displaced, physically and sexually traumatized, and murdered en masse—is another way to justify the exploitation that proceeds both in plain site (refugee operations, peacekeeping interventions, media productions) and behind the scenes (extractive industries, weapons proliferation, multinational dumping, covert operations).

In eastern Congo, it is clear that the goal is to create chaos, to mobilize and dispossess millions of people of their lands and their agency, to herd them and intern them in ‘refugee’ concentration camps, where they die of starvation and disease, where they become test populations for pharmaceutical corporations, where every justification is used—by the white people who serve them—before we go off to the swimming pool or take a vacation.

But most of all, the goal is to create a hopeless and destitute people, who don’t know if they are coming or going, who are traumatized, shattered, apathetic, afraid of everyone and everything, where even the most vile forms of corporate exploitation can appear, almost magically, as promising solutions.

The Gimme Shelter video—like so much of the western capitalist communications apparatus—allows whites to justify our ignorance, to inculcate and nurture our apathy, and to simultaneously hide behind our ‘innocence’. Ben Affleck offers a stellar performance of the ostensibly innocent white man, the latest white savior for Africa, taken to the extreme.

“But it is not permissible that the authors of devastation should also be innocent,” wrote African American James Baldwin. “It is the innocence which constitutes the crime.”61

  1. Clifford H. Bernath and David C. Gompert, The Power to Protect: Using New Military Capabilities to Stop Mass Killings, Refugees International, July 2003. []
  2. Contributions to UNHCR Programmes []
  3. Conflict and Development: Peacebuilding and Post-conflict Resolution; Sixth Report of Session 2005-06, Parliament Great Britain International Development Committee, 2006, pp. 247, 251. []
  4. You will find an interview favorable to Rwanda’s Gen. Laurent Nkunda published as an “Exclusive Interview” in the Huffington Post by this writer’s former colleague. See: Georgianne Nienaber “Congo rebel leader Accused of War Crimes Tells His Story,” Huffington Post, January 9, 2009. []
  5. Letter titled “Violation of OECD Guidelines for multinational Enterprises through PricewaterhouseCoopers Ltd. New York,” by Mag. Thomas Eggenburg, Vienna, Monday, March 27, 2006. It is important to recognize that the interested parties who brought the PricewaterhouseCoopers crimes to light are themselves corporate competitors interested in controlling the Lueshe mine: Kroll Associates. []
  6. Donations often occur in the form of tax write-offs that provide significant and expeditious benefits to the ‘donors’ due to their timing and amounts. Contributions to UNHCR Programmes []
  7. Credit Suisse Group web site. []
  8. Banro Corporation, SEC Form 6-K 2006 and TSX Company Summary. []
  9. Alison Des Forges, Leave None to Tell the Story: Genocide in Rwanda, Human Rights Watch, 1999. [] []
  10. Helmut Strizek is a German national who worked in the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development from 1974 to 2004. Strizek was a member of the delegation from the European Community to Rwanda, and led work on projects in Rwanda and Burundi. An expert on Africa, he wrote his doctoral thesis on both countries in 1996 and most recently published the book Geschenkte Kolonien (2006). []
  11. “Discredit the Hutu Population Forever, Analysis of the social, political, economic, military, geostrategic and diplomatic aspects of the crises in Rwanda before, during and after the outbreak of the crisis on April 6, 1994,” Report by Dr. Helmut Strizek, Case no ICTR 2000-56-I, Bonn, August 3, 2008. []
  12. Dr. Taylor Sebolt, “Could Genocide Have Been Stopped in Rwanda?” Harvard University, 3/17/1999. []
  13. Decision of the National Pre-Trial Examining Court No.4 (Juzgado Central de Instrucción nº 4 ) of the Audiencia Nacional (Spanish National Court) issuing international arrest warrants, “Sumario 3/2008—D,” Order of Indictment, Madrid, February 6, 2008. This is a confidential document outlining the indictment delivered by the Spain’s high court against the 40 architects of the terrorism in Rwanda and Congo, who are all members of the former Rwanda Patriotic Army. Courtesy of the International Forum for Truth and Justice in the Great Lakes Region of Africa. []
  14. For information about this, review New York Times articles of the era, where you will find staff from Refugees International repeatedly cited as experts. []
  15. Sony Corp web site, Wiesenthall biography. []
  16. Private communication, United Nations Special Investigator, DRC, 2007. []
  17. Private interview, United Nations Special Investigator, DRC, 2006 & 2007. []
  18. Kabila’s rebels were none other than the RPA and UPDF forces, with their covert western military backers. Wayne Madsen, Genocide and Covert Operations in Africa, 1993-1999, Mellen Press, 1999. []
  19. Jacques Depelchin is today one of the founders of the pro-Rwandan Ota Benga Alliance, a non-governmental organization based in San Francisco. One advisor of the Ota Benga Alliance is Berkeley scholar Adam Hocschild, author of the acclaimed book King Leopold’s Ghost. []
  20. Mahmood Mamdani, Understanding the Crisis in Kivu: Report of the CODESRIA Mission to the Democratic Republic of Congo September, 1997, Centre for African Studies University of Cape Town, November 20, 1998. [] []
  21. “DRC conflict good for aid agencies—Congolese,” ZBC News, November 24, 2008. []
  22. David Barouski, Press Release, World News Journal, February 8, 2008. []
  23. Private interview, Kemal Saiki, Kinshasa, DRC, April 7, 2007. []
  24. On the MONUC support for international mining giant AngloGold Ashanti in Mongwalu, see Renzo Martens, Episode III: Enjoy Poverty, International Documentary Festival Amsterdam; on MONUC involvement in minerals plunder, see United Nations, Office of Internal Oversight Services Investigation Division. ID Case Number 0151/06, July 2, 2007. []
  25. “DR Congo: UN mission stresses its goal is to help restore state authority,” UN News Service, October 17, 2007. []
  26. “UN peacekeepers attacked in Congo,” BBC and AP November 24, 2008. []
  27. “MONUC Demands Urgent Investigations on Allegations of Bad Conduct,” MONUC Press Release, December 28, 2008. []
  28. Private investigations, Bunia and Kinshasa, DRC, March and April 2007. []
  29. “North Kivu DRC Residents Blame UN Mission for Escalation of Violence,” Voice of America, December 18, 2008. []
  30. MONUC Budget. []
  31. See 2007-2008 Acquisition Plan, UN Procurement Division. [] []
  32. “Congo-Kinshasa: UN Advocate George Clooney Calls for Greater Efforts to End Conflict,” UN News Service, 30 October 2008. []
  33. Interview with MONUC official working in Kinshasa, DRC, January 2009. []
  34. “Congo peacekeeping mission no longer equal to task: UN,” AFP, December 17, 2008. []
  35. Private communications, MONUC staff, Kinshasa, DRC, December 2008. []
  36. James Munyaneza, “Rwanda: Hollywood Star Ben Affleck Here,” The New Times, December 18, 2007. []
  37. See Decision of the National Pre-Trial Examining Court No.4 (Juzgado Central de Instrucción nº 4 ) of the Audiencia Nacional (Spanish National Court) issuing international arrest warrants, “Sumario 3/2008—D,” Order of Indictment, Madrid, February 6, 2008. This is a confidential document outlining the indictment delivered by the Spain’s high court against the 40 architects of the terrorism in Rwanda and Congo, who are all members of the former Rwanda Patriotic Army. Courtesy of the International Forum for Truth and Justice in the Great Lakes Region of Africa. []
  38. See William Taliaferro Close, Beyond the Storm, Meadowlark Springs, 2006. []
  39. Private communications from North Kivu and personal investigations in North Kivu. []
  40. UN Messengers of Peace. []
  41. See e.g., the video The Entrepreneur President—Paul Kagame of Rwanda, Technocrati. []
  42. Bruce Wilson, “Rick Warren’s African Allies Tied to Massacres, Sex-Slavery, Forced Labor, Concentration Camps,” Huffington Post, January 19, 2009. []
  43. Wayne Madsen, Genocide and Covert Operations in Africa, 1993-1999, Mellen Press, 1999, and Vangold web site. []
  44. Vangold Uganda maps. []
  45. Vangold Announces Airborne Survey over Rwanda Oil Concession, July 9, 2008; see also. []
  46. Keith Harmon Snow and Rick Hines, “Blood Diamond: Doublethink and Deception Over Those Worthless Little Rocks of Desire,” Z Magazine, June & July 2007; and Wayne Madsen, Genocide and Covert Operations in Africa, 1993-1999, Mellen Press, 1999. []
  47. Aids Initiative []
  48. Since publication of the Blood Diamond article the page outlining the Harvard AIDS Institute links to the US Military HIV Research Program has been removed and the HAI web site sanitized. []
  49. Private interviews, Rwandans in the diaspora, USA, December 2008. See also Keith Harmon Snow, “The US Sponsored Rwanda Genocide and Its Aftermath: Psychological Warfare, Embedded Reporters and the Hunting of Refugees,” Global Research, April 12, 2008. []
  50. Paul Farmer, Pathologies of Power: Health Human Rights and the New War on the Poor, University of California Press, 2005: p. 12. []
  51. Paul Farmer, Pathologies of Power: Health Human Rights and the New War on the Poor, University of California Press, 2005: p. 261 n.11. []
  52. Samantha Power, A Problem from Hell: America and the Age of Genocide, Harper Perennial, 2003. []
  53. Farmer’s Pathologies of Power cites Philip Gourevitch, Peter Uvin and Elizabeth Neuffer. []
  54. Biography of Michael Porter, Alumni Association of Princeton University. []
  55. See Dr. Helmut Strizek on the Jerusalem Post article where David Kimche, Israel’s former Director-General of Israel’s Ministry of Foreign Affairs praised Paul Kagame and compared him to David Ben-Gurion. “Discredit the Hutu Population Forever, Analysis of the social, political, economic, military, geostrategic and diplomatic aspects of the crises in Rwanda before, during and after the outbreak of the crisis on April 6, 1994,” Report by Dr. Helmut Strizek, Case no ICTR 2000-56-I, Bonn, August 3, 2008. []
  56. See keith harmon snow, “The Steinmetz Gertler Bling Bang Torah Gang: Israel and the Holocaust in Central Africa,” Dissident Voice, February 8, 2008. []
  57. See e.g., Terry Tempest Williams, “Healing Rwanda,” Orion Magazine, Sept./October 2008. Also, Jane Goodall is on the Advisory Board of the Orion Society. []
  58. See “The Prosecutor versus Joseph Nzirorera, Motion for Binding Order to the United States of America,” ICTR Case Number OCTR 99-48-T, August 19, 2008. []
  59. Melissa Currier, “Rwandan Leader Fills Robsham,” The Heights (BC Student Newspaper), April 14, 2005. []
  60. Private interviews, Rwandans in the diaspora, USA, December 2008. []
  61. James Baldwin, The Fire Next Time, 1963 Civil Rights Manifesto. []
Keith Harmon Snow is the 2009 Regent’s Lecturer in Law & Society at the University of California Santa Barbara, a former human rights and genocide investigator with the United Nations, and an award-winning journalist and war correspondent. You can visit his websites AllThingsPass and KeithHarmonSnow Read other articles by Keith.

28 comments on this article so far ...

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  1. Patrick said on October 18th, 2009 at 9:43pm #

    I guess by by now the readers will have figured out who the author is; a simple lunatic. There are quite a number of anti Kagame/Tutsi/RPF/Rwanda Government fanatics around. Few go as far as you in spreading those crazy lies. Keep spitting your venom… Meanwhile Rwandans; Hutus and Tutsis are busy rebuilding a prosperous nation on the premise that what happened 15 years ago will never be allowed to happen again in Rwanda. Feel free to join us when you get short of lies to spread.

  2. keith harmon snow said on October 19th, 2009 at 4:58am #

    Hello Patrick,

    I am no simple lunatic, but rather a very complicated one. However, I am not an apologist for genocide, as you seem to want to be. Your version of “reality” in Rwanda would come as quite a shock to millions or millions of people — but they are already dead. How does a mass murderer like Kagame (and Kanbarebe and the other top 40 officials indicted by the SPanish court for war crimes, crimes against humanity and genocide make sure that “what happened 15 years ago will never happen again” ? By killing off the bulk of the Hutu population , assasinations, massacres, tortures, and bribery. Wake up brother, you’re next on their list. You can kill people, you can torture and brutalize millions, you can hunt people down and terrorize them, you can commit your own genocide (like the Kagame gang in Rwanda and Congo) but you will never kill the truth of what really happened in Rwanda. It’s slowly coming out.

    Anyone open to decoding the matrix, see the research by Profs Davenport and Stam:
    “What Really Happened in Rwanda” –>

    keith harmon snow

  3. Patrick said on October 19th, 2009 at 1:41pm #

    I have to agree with you, sir. You are indeed a very, very complicated lunatic.
    To come out, your truth (The one in your head, not the one that happened in broad day light in Rwanda while you were probably watching TV biting in a cheeseburger) might have to wait until those who saw everything happening are all dead. Including my humble self. But what about our children? We told them everything…

  4. keith harmon snow said on October 19th, 2009 at 8:56pm #

    Hello again

    Persistent fanatic in your own right yeah?

    Why dont you look up the GENODYNAMICS PROJECT (Davenport and Stam). And then get a copy of the Spanish Court’s international Indictments against the top 40 RPF officials. The truth is coming out. I hope that you weren’t involved in the RPF-Tutsi genocide against Hutus (and moderate Tutsis).


  5. Patrick said on October 19th, 2009 at 10:19pm #


    “As in virtually every other genocide, denial is alive and kicking. Here is yet another common thread that binds the people that suffered through what many consider the three classic genocides of the 20th century – the Armenians, the Jews and the Rwandan Tutsis. The bitter and apparently never-ending fight against deniers, or revisionists, is a common cause among the survivors of all these genocides, one that will be highlighted in Rwanda in April 2009 as people from all over the world will gather to mark the 15th anniversary of the genocide of the Tutsi – Remembering Rwanda 15, or RR15.

    If much of the world now remembers the genocide in Rwanda, the battle against those who deny that genocide is much less familiar though no less insidious than its Armenian or Holocaust equivalents. The persistence of Holocaust denial remains a reality everywhere in the world that anti-Semitism rears its head. In some countries it attracts elites. In the west it is the preserve of a lunatic fringe, and usually more an irritation than anything else. But there is always a well-earned fear that it could explode into something more ferocious, especially as anti-Semitism and opposition to Israeli policies sometimes become difficult to distinguish.

    Denying the Armenian genocide is a decidedly more precise phenomenon. It exists only when attempts are made to recognise the genocide for what it is, either by resolutions of legislative assemblies or through education. And unlike either Holocaust or Rwanda denial, it is invariably orchestrated by the Turkish government and its acolytes, most of them on that government’s payroll. By a terrible irony of realpolitik, among the most steadfast collaborators of the Turkish government in its hardball efforts to prevent recognition of the genocide is its close ally Israel and some powerful Israel support groups throughout the western world. Whether Turkey’s unexpectedly vehement condemnation of Israel’s recent aggression against Gaza changes these equations is still not at all clear.

    Rwanda is a different case. For one thing, in much of the English-speaking world, denialism has been very much a fringe phenomenon, largely peddled by a motley coalition. There are anti-American left-wingers who are perversely convinced that Rwandan president Paul Kagame, in their eyes the evil genius behind the conflict (they deny it was a genocide), was an American stooge. There are those who have ties of some kind with the defence at the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda. Sometimes these are the same people. They are still largely unknown to most English-speakers who have seen the movies, or admire General Romeo Dallaire (another American puppet, in the twisted view of the deniers) and have no reason to doubt that a genocide actually was carried out.

    Naturally the small band of leading deniers are well-known to the Rwandan diaspora community, which is not only wounded by the denials but fails to understand why their lies are given any media attention at all. At least as ominously, the deniers’ reach and influence has been spreading, metastasising like a malignant cancer, thanks to the anarchy of the blogosphere and to the embrace of the deniers’ arguments by a small but influential number of left-wing, anti-American journals and websites.

    Google Rwanda and you’re quite likely get a deniers’ rant featuring the tiny band of usual suspects – French Judge Bruguiere, former UN Rwanda chief Jacques-Roger Booh-Booh, Robin Philpot, former Australian investigator Michael Hourigan, American academic Christian Davenport – each enthusiastically citing the others as their proof that the entire so-called genocide was really an American imperial plot. That there is no evidence for this assertion, that every single reputable scholar who has studied the genocide has categorically disagreed with it, carries no weight with this incomprehensible band of true believers. At the same time, the harsh criticisms of the present Rwanda government by respected human rights advocates has unhappily provided a certain illogical legitimacy to the deniers’ pernicious cause.

    Thanks to the reach of Hotel Rwanda, which has been seen by more people than all other Rwanda films combined, many ordinary English-speakers are likely to know of only one Rwandan, Paul Rusesabagina, and to believe him a hero of the genocide, a righteous man who saved Tutsi lives at great personal risk. That he now is the most prominent person in the world claiming Kagame’s rebels were as deadly as the genocidaires, that he insists Rwanda today is comparable to Rwanda during the 100 days, and that he openly works with known genocidaires and western deniers against the Kagame government, is still not grasped by his western admirers. That’s why the uncritical adulation in which he is held and his own fierce determination to spread his message makes him a serious threat that should not be underestimated.”
    Gerald Caplan

  6. keith harmon snow said on October 20th, 2009 at 6:10am #

    Gerald Caplan should pay attention tohis own words. he is, indeed, denying genocide. Anyone can mouth off something that sounds good, to fill up space , but Caplan’s words are empty when we look at what HE is covering up re: Rwanda.

    Caplan is just a version of white supremacy in action.

    And you Patrick? What is your connection to Rwanda ?

  7. keith harmon snow said on October 20th, 2009 at 6:21am #

    For people interested in the deeper truth on Rwanda, see:

    keith harmon snow:

    : Human Rights Watch, Alison Des Forges & Disinformation on Central Africa
    Published by keith harmon snow, 6 April 2009, to commemorate the 15th Anniversary of the Kagame Dictatorship’s War Crimes Victory in Rwanda. PDF includes photographs; html does not. (On 12 February 2009, Human Rights Watch Rwanda expert Alison Des Forges was killed. Des Forges was widely cited as a staunch critic of the Rwandan military government, but there is much more to this story than the western propaganda system has revealed. Meanwhile, Paul Kagame’s ruthless Directorate of Military Intelligence has reportedly dispatched some 300 agents to Europe to kill RPF opponents; some of these agents are operating under cover as bogus asylum seekers in Europe and North America, and U.S. Homeland Security is getting involved. )
    download pdf

    : Psychological Warfare, Embedded Reporters and the Hunting of Refugees
    Published 12 April 2008 by Global Research. (An investigation has uncovered an asylum system scandal where bogus Rwandan “refugees” infiltrate the U.S. and U.K. and work as undercover agents to hunt down critics of the Rwandan dictatorship and legitimate refugees and drag them back to Rwanda. This is yet the latest revelation on how the dictatorship in Rwanda manufactures and exports terrorism using an ideology of genocide and how the West supports terrorism by backing its Rwanda proxy. Meanwhile, business in Rwanda is booming and the criminal networks of the Kagame military machine continue to plunder the blood-drenched Congo. – see also:
    download pdf
    read the html page

  8. Patrick said on October 21st, 2009 at 7:58am #

    I am from Rwanda. I lost 8 direct family members. None of them committed suicide. I called you a ‘lunatic’ to avoid using much stronger but more appropriate words for someone who would consciously mock the deaths of a million. I have the deepest compassion for the innocent people of Congo who suffered from a war that was as predictable and preventable as the 1994 genocide . Here is what happened:

    15 Years after the Rwandan Genocide: Hutu Power and its Friends
    Posted in African Politics, Global Africa, Rwanda by Ruben Eberlein on April 26, 2009

    On Monday, 6 April 2009, 15 years have passed after the launch of the genocide in Rwanda. Commemorations will take place in the Central African country, but also in Berlin and in other cities around the world. Five years ago, I wrote this article about the international dimensions of the mass murders in Rwanda.

    It was already several days after the death squads in Rwanda’s capital Kigali had begun to rage. Inside the French embassy, some eminences of Juvénal Habyarimana’s regime assembled. A part of the Hutu Power group – in particular the entourage of Agathe Habyarimana, wife of the just murdered President – prepared for their departure arranged by the embassy. One of the few members of the opposition present there was Joseph Kgarambe. ‘What is he doing here?’ wondered health minister Casimir Bizimungu.

    The extremists felt perfectly at home, and they had good reasons for doing so. Belgium, Germany and Switzerland financed and advised the dictatorship of Habyarimana on differing scales as well. The US and Great Britain ignored their own secret service information about the upcoming catastrophe. After the genocide began, they blocked every initiative by the UN Security Council. But the most reliable partner of the Hutu Power which dominated the Rwandan state after 1990 proved to be the Cellule Africaine at the Élysée under François Mitterand.

    No superpower masterminded the killing of at least 800,000 Tutsi and moderate Hutu that was clandestinely planned but repeatedly announced. Though, it can’t be apprehended without a look at the colonial history of Rwanda and the neo-colonial connections to European countries.

    The racist identity politics of the German and Belgian colonial powers, continued after the Hutu ‘revolution’ of 1959 under changed signs, prepared the basis for the fascist ideology of the Hutu Power. The one party regime under Habyarimana, at the controls since 1973, was the darling of European Christian Democrats and Catholic missionaries. Until August 1993, advisers from Europe – one of them a German – helped the dictator. At that time, the existence of the Network Zero, a communications network of the death squads, was a well-known fact for at least ten months. Since the invasion of the Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF) in October 1990 from Uganda, exactly planned massacres of civilians (most of them Tutsi) as well as politically motivated assassinations of oppositionist Hutu in all parts of the country increased.

    The murderous one hundred days after 6 April 1994 that stopped only on 18 July with the occupation of Gisenyi by the RPF were also a disaster for the UN mission Unamir stationed in Rwanda. Two weeks after the start of the mass killings, the Security Council decided to reduce the contingent of the force to a symbolic strength. The U-turn three weeks later – now 5,500 UN soldiers were supposed to be sent to the country – was simply ignored by the major powers.

    Rather, France favoured her own operation named ‘Turquoise’ in May 1994. 2,500 troops, equipped with everything that was lacked by the UN, established a ‘security zone’ in the South West of the country. Romeo Dallaire, commander of the 270 left Unamir soldiers who was informed about the secret armament of the Rwandan government by France, was frantic about weapons imports to the government. The general is reported to have threatened in a private conversation that he will order to shoot down French planes if they bring in arms.

    Not only Hutu trying to escape the vengeance of parts of the RPF arrived in the French-occupied zone in the South West. Also those who turned many ordinary villagers into murderers on pain of force arrived here: local party functionaries, militia leaders, mayors. A lot of refugees came as hostages of the mass murderers. Not uncommonly, people wishing to stay at their homes were shot dead.

    What was the motive for the French government and their fellows to support a dictatorial regime unconditionally and right to the extremes? The reasons are possibly lost forever with the documents that were shredded inside the French embassy in Kigali. Probably, a paranoid fear of an ‘Anglo-Saxon conspiracy’ against the French Pré Carré in Africa combined with the interests of free-lanced lobbyists paid by Habyarimana’s regime. Add the cold-blooded calculation that the relationship to Rwanda can continue as usual once the massacres are over.

    The consolidation of US influence in Central Africa became a self-fulfilling prophecy because of the alliance between Francafrique and the Hutu extremists. Great Britain and the US – the most important partners of the RPF government after mid-1994 – tolerated and supported the intervention of Rwandan troops and its then ally Uganda into the East of Zaire (now the DRC) in 1996. It was supposed to hunt down the Hutu Power militias that took refuge there. Zaire’s dictator Mobutu warmly welcomed the newly organised Génocidaires. In 1997, he was overthrown by a rebel alliance assisted militarily by Rwanda.

  9. Patrick said on October 21st, 2009 at 8:14am #

    And since you seem to love conspiracy theories. Here is a true one:

    France and genocide: the murky truth
    By Linda Melvern
    The Times, August 8 2008

    What happened in Rwanda in 1994 is a milestone event; in a few terrible months, up to one million people were killed in organised massacres, planned in advance by the Hutu regime. Its aim was to create a “pure Hutu state” by eliminating the minority Tutsi and all opponents of its extremist Hutu Power ideology. This was done by mobilising the country’s unemployed youth into a militia called the Interahamwe; 30,000 young men were recruited and trained to kill with agricultural tools. They were indoctrinated with a racist anti-Tutsi ideology. There were no secret death camps. The killing was in broad daylight.

    The French had favoured the Hutu cause since the 1960s. The rule by the majority Hutu in this one-party state was considered democratic. The overt discrimination against the minority Tutsi and the human rights abuses against them were largely ignored. By 1990 some one million Rwandans were living as refugees in neighbouring states, Tutsi who had fled during murderous anti-Tutsi campaigns. In October 1990, the rebel Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF) invaded from neighbouring Uganda to force a return home for them. The French immediately sent elite troops to defend the regime in Kigali and in the three years of civil war that followed the French military and French-supplied weaponry ensured its survival.

    These French forces stayed for three years, until late 1993 when UN peacekeepers were sent to monitor an internationally brokered peace agreement providing for the return of the refugees and a transition from a Hutu dictatorship to a power-sharing democracy that would include the Tutsi minority.

    Drawing on documents recently released from the Paris archive of Mitterrand, the commission clearly describes the motive for French policy in Rwanda. These documents show how the RPF invasion was considered as clear aggression by an Anglophone neighbour on a Francophone country. The RPF was a part of an “Anglophone plot”, involving the President of Uganda, to create an English-speaking “Tutsi-land”. Once Rwanda was “lost” to Anglophone influence, French credibility in Africa would never recover. The policy was to avoid a military victory by the RPF.

    The French journalist Patrick de Saint Exupéry alleges that the French created a secret command of the Rwandan Army through what he called a “légion présidentielle”. This was a group of elite operatives that was answerable only to Mitterrand and which drew up battle plans and military strategy, and built a psychological warfare capability with operatives trained in the manipulation of public opinion.

    My own work has shown that not all French military operatives left Rwanda when the UN peacekeepers arrived in 1993. When the genocide began six months later there were senior French officers attached to key units in the Rwandan Army – the para-commando and reconnaissance battalions, and the Presidential Guard. It was French-trained soldiers from these units who, early in the morning of April 7, had orders to eliminate members of Rwanda’s political opposition – and to kill anyone with a Tutsi identity card. Without a full accounting from these French officers the story of the crucial early hours of genocide will never be complete. To date only three French officers have testified at the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda – and only then in defence of Rwandan military officers on genocide charges.

    The French Senate discovered how policy towards Rwanda had been made by a secretive network of military officers, politicians, diplomats, businessmen, and senior intelligence operatives. At its centre was Mitterrand. French policy had been unaccountable to either parliament or the press. This has made the discovery of the truth about France’s role in the genocide difficult. It may be that a true reckoning of France’s responsibility will never be possible.

  10. Mike Corbeil said on October 22nd, 2009 at 11:38pm #

    Well, if General Dallaire was honest in 1994 and not a war criminal at all, then he’s certainly changed like from day to night, light to darkness, for he’s been a serious supporter of the totally criminal war on Afghanistan and condemned the lack of will among the population of the province of Quebec, Canada, which has been the least or among the very least supportive of Canadians for this … totally criminal war. So if he wasn’t a war criminal in 1994, then he’s certainly become a serious one since and there’s no way that he cannot know that the war is totally criminal and that it is not for anything other than natural resources, the OIL pipeline, aka Piplineistan, but also more. More? Sure, global domination, full spectrum dominance, empire building, stretching ever more strongly eastward, …

    People who claim he was innocent and honest in 1994 Rwanda might be getting only one part of the story about him in that context. While he might’ve been against what France was doing, if it indeed did as Patrick wrote, this doesn’t mean that he wasn’t simultaneously backing Anglo western power elites, imperialism, etcetera. He might not have been doing the latter when being against France’s secret actions, but he might have been.

    Most Rwandans surely did not have [full] knowledge of what was then going on and most probably still don’t have full knowledge. None likely would, unless they were on the “inside” or flies on walls on the “inside”.

  11. Mike Corbeil said on October 23rd, 2009 at 12:42am #

    Patrick, in his last post, wrote: “My own work has shown that not all French military operatives left Rwanda when the UN peacekeepers arrived in 1993”.

    Well, that work should be supported with links so that readers can learn more from this work. After all, Patrick is not a name for doing Web searches; there are far too many people with this first name, even some women having it. No full name and no work titles, and no links? How are people supposed to know what the work consists of?

    Those are lacking pieces of information and when making vague references like “My own work has shown”, we should always provide links to this work or good samples of it.

    This is not to say that France wasn’t involved as Patrick says, but this part of the story, if it is true, doesn’t mean that the Anglo imperialists weren’t involved. Both may have been. Both often are. Anglo imperialists of the U.S. can also let imperialists of some European countries carry out a lot of dirty work to clear the way for the Anglo U.S. to then move in and take over. From what I’ve gathered, the imperialists, corporatists, … of the U.S. do work with counterparts of Europe, but they often do not fully “see eye to eye”, they have tensions between themselves, feud, struggle for power against one another. They’re not a perfectly united group.

    The act-of-war coup d’etat against Haiti on Feb. 29, 2004, was conducted by the U.S., Canada and France, and all three want their shares of the “pie”, but the U.S. is the dominant “player” in this “game” and team, and they brutally employed UN “peacekeepers” from Brazil; very brutal, criminal, murderous, imperialist foot soldiers, …., whose commander was rather very hostile towards the UNHRC representative of head who was demanding that corrections be made in the situation in Haiti, for Haitians.

    UN “peacekeepers”? They evidently are hardly ever good, honourable, legal, moral, …. This applies in Haiti, Lebanon, Kosovo, and surely in African countries, as well as other places. They don’t represent [democracy]. The UNSC does not represent democracy. The UNSC represents an oligarchy, a loose one, I guess, but still a sort of oligarchy, and one dominated by the world’s superpower, the governent of the USA, which does not serve the will of the population of the USA, for it serves the imperialists, corporatists, … of the U.S. This reality of the UNSC isn’t conspiracy theory; it’s obvious. If the UNSC was truly respectful of democracy, then the UNGA would have its votes well respected, but its votes are regularly overruled by the then tyrannical UNSC. If the UNSC was truly respectful of its Charter, then it would give great respect to calls from UNHRC heads, like the two who resigned out of frustration caused by rejections of the UNSC when they called for corrections to be made to stop the [genocide] of Iraqis during 1991-2003, f.e.

    I wouldn’t try to whitewash the Anglo west with respect to what happened in Rwanda in 1994. These imperialists were most likely involved and it would’ve been very secret; or the dark aspects of their involvement would’ve been secret, anyway. The U.S. always works to try to keep its dark works or works of darkness secret, including when its presence is otherwise known. Terrorism, assassinations of heads of states, wars of aggression, criminally protecting Israel and U.S. corporations, there’s nothing new or even recent in this for the U.S.

    If the U.S. was darkly involved in what happened in Rwanda in 1994, then General Dallaire might have known about this and, for one reason or another, chose to stay silent about it. It could be to share in the profit, or to protect his own life from being assassinated through a mysterious accident, as enough assassinations seem to be or are conducted. He could have been bought off, or threatened.

    Who knows such details, except for the people who’d have been on the inside?

    France is not innocent in African history, and the same applies with other European countries, in addition to England or Britain. But the U.S. also isn’t innocent there, or … hardly anyplace on Earth. It’s guilty in the USA, continental and not, Mexico and much of the rest, if not all of the rest, of Latin America, other South American countries, Europe, Africa, and Asia; East to West, North to South, all hemispheres, many countries. And the number of them has only continued to rise.

    Henry Kissinger evidently was literally quoted saying that he, which I extend to ilk, wants mass human death; wants, and, according to him, we need mass death of millions of people. Why? Natural resources and profit? Less resistance to hegemony? Greater and broader domination, globally? Surely.

    He was also quoted saying that soldiers are just “dumb animals” useful for serving the interests of the elites, the “masters”. Generals are soldiers, only of high rank. A General like Dallaire would’ve been as replaceable, expendable for them as necessary, if he’d had gotten in the way. They assassinate state leaders! They overthrow good or reasonably good governments.

    Soldiers of Canada and Belgium assassinated former Congolese MP Patrice Lumumba, according to a book published this spring, “The Black Book of (or on?) Canadian Foreign Policy”, by Yves Engler. It was already know that soldiers of Belgium had done this, but it seems to be new information when it comes to Canada’s direct involvement. Why? What did Canada, or either, have to gain? Mining or mineral resources? Surely, but I don’t know that this was the sole reason.

    President Bill Clinton pretended, for public apparence, to be good vis-a-vis Haiti, but he evidently was far from good; having been extremely rotten, criminal.

    The Cold War against the former USSR, Gore Vidal says that when he questioned President John F. Kennedy about this bogus war, President JFK replied that it was is only for “apparences”. Iow, he told Gore Vidal that the Cold War was bogus in terms of the public statements issued by the government of the USA.

    I would not believe that the U.S. had a clean slate in terms of what happened in Rwanda in 1994. And the CIA would probably have been able to know what France was doing. If the CIA knew, then the White House most surely also knew.

    Japan didn’t attack the U.S. on Pearl Harbor day. Japan retaliated for the USA’s act of war against Japan, when the U.S. imposed criminal sanctions preventing or prohibiting oil imports to Japan. It’s not what is taught in schools in the West though.

    I don’t think any of these imperialist, colonialist, corporatist, … governments can be trusted. The trust that we can perhaps safely place in them is microscopic.

    All of the above, except for the opening paragraphs specifically referring to Patrick’s post, and the very last paragraph, above, is information gathered from online, from reliable, respectable sources. Since it’s not my work, but only readings, I won’t bother providing the supporting links. However, when we refer to our work, as Patrick did, then we should always provide links for further or continued reading. Maybe Patrick has that work written down, but not online anywhere and not in any published books; but this could also be made clear to readers.

    With that said, what Patrick says regarding France’s secret involvement seems credible. Whether it’s true or fully true, or not, I’m not qualified to say. France is an imperialist, colonialist, corporatist, … country, too. Many western countries or governments are.

    It would’ve been good to have a follow-up response from Keith Harmon Snow on Patrick’s last post, and while he can be contacted through his website, it’s much too late now to bother. The article by Keith Snow was of Jan. 23, 2009, and we’re now ten months later.

  12. keith harmon snow said on October 23rd, 2009 at 6:27am #

    I didnt respond to these posts because the author of them is not rational and has made his mind up based on his interest, amongst other things.

    I offered important developments — like the Davenport and Stam story.

    General Romeo Dallaire completely supported the RPF invasion — shipping RPF troops into the capital. France’s role was far , far less significant in RWanda than the US / RPF role.

    Who committed genocide in RWanad? The RPF. The panish indictments are stunning. Even I was shocked at the level to which we have been indoctrinated and decived by the propaganda about Hutus killing tutsis. Patrick is not interested in truth and I am not interested in respoding to post of propganda by government (UK) propagandists like Linda Melvern.

  13. Mike Corbeil said on October 23rd, 2009 at 4:09pm #

    I understand you not wishing to bother responding to Patrick’s last post for the sake of responding to him, but what if readers are left with any impression that he might be right? Then it’s good that you provide a reply, to try to prevent readers from potentially believing erroneous claims.

    It’s part of the reason why I emphasised that he left no links to any of the work he claimed to have performed and we can’t start wasting time looking for articles by some comment user employing the comment board username of Patrick, or any other, to see if we might possibly find some of the person’s work; it could take a lifetime and the result could still be NIL. People who have solid claims to make were either direct eyewitnesses, with proof that they were, or they have at least links that these people purport prove their claims. Patrick provided nothing to support his claims.

    The other part of that overall reason was to simply state what my perception of his last post is.

    Anyway, I appreciate your response for the sake of readers I will likely recommend this copy of your article to.

  14. Mike Corbeil said on October 23rd, 2009 at 4:29pm #

    Of course it’s also why I highlighted the fact that General Dallaire has been a warmongering fool, speaking like a real criminal, a gangsterism member when it comes to the subject of the war in Afghanistan today; a totally criminal war, from start to finish. He couldn’t have been a particularly honourable General in 1994, for people don’t go through such extreme changes unless they’ve become clinically insane and weren’t before, which I doubt happened to him between 1994 and a few years ago. Given his criminal position statements regarding the war in Afghanistan, he’s not a credibly honourable General with regards to when he was in Rwanda in 1994, either.

    We, The People, have the right to have such perceptions and another example is Bill Clinton, Although around two decades elapsed inbetween, his serious war criminality, gangster character and actions, as U.S. President don’t leave it credible that he fled to England to protest against the Vietnam War for honourable reasons. We have the right to definitely believe that he fled to England to protest because he was too coward to stand next to fellow U.S. citizens protesting in the USA, and maybe also to make it easier to escape the draft. It minimally was a cowardly flight. Given that we can know without doubt that he was an extreme liar as U.S. President, we can justly assume that this definitely was nothing new in his character. Etc.

    Imo, General Dallaire likely never was a soldier of honourable character. Those who are are people who are [intelligent], in the good ways of being intelligent, and such people don’t go around switching to being evil unless it’s because they’ve become insane and don’t know what they’re doing. This surely hasn’t happened to General Dallaire, who was probably insane well before 1994.

  15. Patrick said on October 24th, 2009 at 9:59pm #

    I don’t care about Dallaire, I don’t care about what colonial/imperial powers did or did not do. I care about what I saw, I care about happened to real people in my country and I care about the disgusting pigs who deny it just to win an argument. What happened in Rwanda is not about you and your stupid conspiracy theories. It’s about Rwandans and Congoleses. I actually used these texts from Linda Melvern, Gerald Caplan and Ruben Eberlein because I have met enough western lunatics of your kind to know that they only take seriously what is said or written by a western “expert”. Those who witnessed a Genocide are not ;experts’ about it but a white guy who arrives months or years later with his head full of preconceived theories, biases, arrogance, etc. is an imminent “expert”. I am actually starting to think that Kagame is right to spit in the faces of international organizations and so called experts. If you want justice for innocent people who died, why don’t you start with the hundred of thousands of victims of your bombs in Iraq and Afghanistan. Oh, sorry, I am stupid, 3,000 American lives were taken so millions of Arabs should perish to avenge then. Ok then, why not looking at those responsible for Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Pfff, just Asian lives.
    I have no idea why I am wasting my time doing this but the links to the ‘experts’ articles Mike is asking for are

    Please, go to hell as soon as possible.

  16. keith harmon snow said on October 25th, 2009 at 5:41am #


    what was your full name?

    And what did you say you were doing in Rwanda?

    You will notice tat I have not in any way suggested that Tutsi people did not die in Rwanda (or Banyamulenge) in Congo. But your simpla analysis is in complete alignment with the propaganda produced to cover up Kagame and the RPFs war crimes. These are well documented. Just becuase you saw people killed and may they happened to be your family, or not, does not negate the realities of what Kagame and the RPF have done, and it does not negate the investigations of the French or, especially, the Spanish court, and it does not negate the investigations of the professors Davenport and Stam and it does not negate the work of Wayne Madsen.

    Perhaps you could open your mind to the possibility that both realities exist: you lost family members and saw people killed, and the RPF machinery was primarily responsible.

    Read the Spanish indictments. These rely on witnesses including former RPF top officials who., just like you, say they were there .


  17. Patrick said on October 25th, 2009 at 11:52am #

    Wow… Are you investigating me now? I thought those were Kagame’s methods. You probably want to add one more name on your increasingly long list of Kagame’s supporters. (Ben Affleck, Rick Warren, Dallaire, Depelchin, etc). The Spanish indictment is precisely that, just an indictment. By one Judge… No one has been proven guilty yet. Let’s wait and see what comes out of it. Meanwhile, why don’t we look at what is happening with another indictment. The ‘Brugiere boomerang’

  18. keith harmon snow said on October 25th, 2009 at 2:37pm #

    For any readers following the exchange with the “Patrick” above, it is importnat to recognize that people in today’s Rwanda suffer from several major limitations in their capacity to communicate openly.

    I asked who this Patrick is because I have a suspicion I know, and I asked what he did in Rwanda because many of today’s “genocide survivors” in Rwanda have benefited massively from the depopulation that occurred under Paul Kagame and the RPF killing machine. Many are suddenly landholders or businessman who benefited at other people’s expense and so their interests blind or corrupt them. Many are silenced by fear of being hunted by Kagame and/or assassinated just as so many other Ttsis were under Kagame after they somehow crosses the Kagame regime.

    Kagame’s counter claims that the French are responsible for genocide, and his production of a report to establish that, are dubious at best. The subject of France’s involvement is always thrown up to distract atention from the much greater threats and evil — the RPF / UPDF / Pentagon killing machine — and its much greater responsibility for genocide (of Hutu people in Rwanda and Congo, and murder of many Tutsis in Rwanda), and facilitation of acts of genocide (committed under conditions of civil war) against the Tutsis in Rwanda as a backlash or reprisal killings against the RPF massacres and terrorism.

  19. Patrick said on October 25th, 2009 at 7:00pm #

    Truly pathetic… So the issue is not what I write but who I am. Assuming I am George Bush or Kagame or Museveni, isn’t this supposed to be a blog open to all ideas and views whoever expresses them? This being said, I am not any of those chaps and my name, which is shared by tens of thousands of Rwandans would not bring any value to this debate . Feel free to invite me to any of your genocide deniers conferences if you really want to know me.

  20. keith harmon snow said on October 27th, 2009 at 12:26pm #

    Dear Patrick afraid to tell us who you are —

    >>>>Feel free to invite me to any of your genocide deniers conferences if you really want to know me.<<<

    I have never been to one. But I'm sure you would do quite well there.


  21. David said on October 28th, 2009 at 5:54pm #

    I do not mean to interrupt this colorful exchange but, having been a frequent visitor to Rwanda, I find some of the arguments on both sides particularly interesting. I have to say that the Rwanda (and its inhabitants) I have been visiting does not really correspond to what is described by some in the US. I traveled this summer with a friend who visited the country for the first time and was totally chocked by the openness, progress and beauty of a country that, according to his readings, was supposed to be a close and repressive country (something between North Korea and Burma in his own words). The progress in almost every field is obvious and people don’t look oppressed at all! There truly is something disturbing about the polarized passions that small country seems to generate in the US. And, let’s face it, Patrick has a point when he asks why we would focus on Kagame’s actions given what so many countries, including our own, have done to other people in the name of national security. Try to imagine if 1 Million people were killed instead of 3,000 and if Al-Qaeda had continued to launch attacks on US territory after that….

  22. keith harmon snow said on October 28th, 2009 at 6:15pm #


    Anyone can freely travel in Rwanda just so long as they are not [1] already wanted [2] speaking out about the regime [3] asking any of the “wrong” questions.

    Just try it.

    Just go to Rwanda, and start asking questions about the RPF / RPA massacres. You will IMMEDIATELY meet with trouble, and teh scale of your sudden troubles will be in direct proportion to teh depth of your questions and extent of your knowledge. Do it! And then record your experience on this blog.

    Patrick’s point — like all his points — are tainted with self interests. Why focus on Kagame? Because he was and is backed by white folks from the power systems of those countries (US, CAnada, Belgium, Israel) that are indeed harboring the world’s worst war criminals. So the question PAtrick asks is disingenuous, becuase I suspect he knows perfectly well that teh Pentagon backed Kagame’s mass murder. Why do you suppose Clinton just cgave Kagame a special “humanitarian” (was it) award??

    Read Wayne MAdsen’s GENOCIDE AND COVERT OPERATIONS IN AFRICA 1993-1999 and see how deep teh rabbit hole goes.

    Like so many westerners who travel to Rwanda and visit the “genocide memorials” and then come away with exactly the perspective you describe above, this is a form of obliviousness grounded in whiteness.

    Like I asked Patrick, who obviously wont answer what must be an incriminating question, what are YOUR interests in Rwanda? And your friends” Why did you and he travel to Rwanda?

    These are pertinent questions, but without an answer (as in Patrick’s cas) I have no further reason to pursue the deeper issues. Like, for example, what we know about Dian Fossey Gorilla Fund or the Jane Goodall Institute,,,, or the oil sector … or Starbucks (genocide) “free-trade” coffeee.

    Kagame is indeed the great entrepreneurial president, but the cost in human life of Kaame’s “making” the Rwnada of today is unprecedented. All those raw materials ripped out of Congo — all those hundreds of thousands of poeple (mostly but not only Hutus) murdered in Rwanda before, during and after 1994, and all the millions forced off the land and into refugee camps or into exile.

    Wake up folks. The truth is there if you want it. There’s a whole barrage of articles on my web site which get into the details of Kagames regime of terror. Then you will see why things look like Alice’s WONDERLAND.. but are not.


    By the way, you can also travel freely in Gabon, Niger or Kenya, or Uganda — another perfect example of a terror regime — but if you step out of line in the least little way you will find out what simmers beneath the surface and keeps the people from their freedom: terror.

    SO. I Say again, you just go to Rwanda and start asking questions.

  23. David said on October 28th, 2009 at 6:40pm #

    Thanks Keith,
    May I ask who gives you the right to question everyone’s identity and motives to visit Rwanda? Why did you go there yourself? I visited Rwanda for the first time as a student and I went there several times again because I just wanted to. I have many Hutu friends and have been asking all types of questions for the last 8 years. Some of them certainly don’t like Kagame (I, myself, am not really a fan of his authoritarian style) but they don’t seem to be as terrified as you suggest. You are referring us to a few authors and your own research. Very good, but as you probably know – or should know – there are many other reputed scholars that do not share your (strange?) views. Have you read Gourevitch, Melvern, Caplan, Destexhe, St Exupery, Schabas, Uvin, Kinzer, etc? Or are they all dangerous UPDF/RPF/Pentagone agents?

  24. David said on October 28th, 2009 at 6:44pm #

    Another dangerous Kagame supporter? Fareed Zakaria:

  25. keith harmon snow said on October 28th, 2009 at 7:03pm #


    Its a fair question for anyone : What takes you to Africa. The suggestion that it is some assumed right that I am violating by asking the question is itself emblamatic of the response based in a sense of entitlement. Read Paulette Goudge THE WHITENESS OF POWER on motivations and interests.

    Read RACE AND EPISTEMOLOGIES OF IGNORANCE (Sullivan and Tuana) on white supremacy and obliviousness.

    What took me to Rwanda? In 1990 it was gorillas. In 2000 it was investigations of RPF/RPA massacres in Rwanda and Congo.

    All due respect, the list of authors you suggest is very problematic, to varying degrees, to say the least.

    Philip Gourevitch, for example: Very close to Kagame (who set him up with Nubianm prostitutes, as well as all kinds of state liars.) But more critically, Gourevitch got his inside propaganda line(s) from James Rubin — Madeliene Albrights undersecretary, and I think he is also connected to Elizabeth Rubin, who has produced a lot fo nonsense on Africa (LRA for just one example)/ WE WISH TO INFORM YOU blach blach blah is total fiction billed as nonfiction. Gourevitch prodyuced the “GENOCIDE FAX” fiction — a psychological operation — in the New Yorker, a venue he alone is privileged to write about Rwanda in. He is defnately an agent for the US, no matter how you look at it.

    But you don’t know anything about these issues, and in your sense of “outrage” at having your interests and motivations questioned you instead decied that my perspective is “strange”.

    Do your homework.

    There’s nothing strange about my views — merely because you dont know anything about the subject. If you did you would know about Gourevitch.

    Read the Spanish indictments. It’s not my fault that you don’t know much about what you are talking about, and have a certain mindset, it seems, due to the institutionalized propaganda. Thats why you don’t see any problems with the writings of Destexhe , or Gourevitch, or Melvern.

    Alain Destexhe (Spelling?) was one of the first to come out with a book that completely falsified the reality in Rwnada, whether by intention, design, obliviousness or accident. Maybe, like the rest of us, he was fooled. But he has NEVER to my knowledge corrected the record (his record). And theres pleanty of evidence.

    If you have Hutu friends and can get away with asking them some questions, good for you. Watch out. Its just a matter of time.

    Now, please don’t throw nonsense back at me, because you are feeling your privileges challenged. Please take the time to explore these deeper issues. See for example these pages:


    keith harmon snow

  26. David said on October 28th, 2009 at 8:52pm #

    I won’t throw anything back at you. Your case is more serious than I thought as somebody suggested before…
    Sorry for the disturbance

  27. Websites « Infinite Minds Universal said on October 28th, 2009 at 9:27pm #

    […] October 29, 2009 Filed under: Busisness and Opportunity | Tags: Busisness and Opportunity | Latest Articles – Dissident Voice Posted by B99 on 10/28/2009 at 7:29pm He gets an A for doing everything his masters told him too. […]

  28. keith harmon snow said on October 29th, 2009 at 5:36am #


    From 1994 (never mind the media propaganda from 1990 to 1994 covering up RPF/A war crimes and UPDF war crimes) to 1997 I also believed exactly what the media told us: The RPF and TUTSIS were the victims, and the Hutus were the killers. I wrote stpries about this, from this perspective. But then the truth began to unfold as soon as I looked deeper. Please take the opportunity to do so. Be careful in Rwanda. I’m very serious.