Leaked Cable: Hike Food Prices To Boost GM Crop Approval In Europe

In a January 2008 meeting, US and Spain trade officials strategized how to increase acceptance of genetically modified foods in Europe, including inflating food prices on the commodities market, according to a leaked US diplomatic cable released by WikiLeaks.

During the meeting, Secretary of State for International Trade, Pedro Mejia, and Secretary General, Alfredo Bonet “noted that commodity price hikes might spur greater liberalization on biotech imports.”

It seems Wall Street traders got the word. By June 2008, food prices had spiked so severely that “The Economist announced that the real price of food had reached its highest level since 1845, the year the magazine first calculated the number,” reports Fred Kaufman in The Food Bubble: How Wall Street starved millions and got away with it.

The unprecedented high in food prices in 2008 caused an additional 250 million people to go hungry, pushing the global number to over a billion.  2008 is also the first year “since such statistics have been kept, that the proportion of the world’s population without enough to eat ratcheted upward,” said Kaufman.

All to boost acceptance of GM foods, and done via a trading scheme on which Wall Street speculators profited enormously.

Mass food riots in several nations ensued, as did an investigation by the U.S. Senate Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs, resulting in a finding that, yes, unrestricted speculation in food commodities caused soaring prices.

In a comment at the end of the cable, the diplomat also revealed a level of pessimism about Spain’s willingness to help force GM foods on Europe:

This was a very good substantive discussion. However, it is clear that while Spain will continue sometimes to vote in favor of biotechnology liberalization proposals, the Spaniards will tread warily on this issue given their own domestic sensitivities and other equities Spain has in the EU.

That pessimism was largely unfounded, as “Spain planted 80 percent of all the Bt maize in the EU in 2009 and maintained its record adoption rate of 22 percent from the previous year,” noted a report by the International Service for the Acquisition of Agri-biotech Applications (ISAAA).

The leaked cables, amounting to over 1,300 right now, reveal US obsession with expanding the biotech market:

  • In another leaked cable describing the potential to expand US interests in “isolationist” Austria, that nation’s ban on GM foods is highlighted.
  • According to a leaked cable from 2007, of concern was French President Sarkozy’s desire to implement a ban on GM foods in line with populist sentiment. According to GM Free Regions, France maintains its opposition to GM foods today.

More may be revealed in the remaining cables.

Profiteering Leaves World open to Future Price Manipulation

Food commodity speculation was enabled in 2000 by the Commodity Futures Modernization Act.  Deregulation handyman Senator Phil Gramm (R-TX) introduced the bill, coauthored by financial industry lobbyists and cosponsored by Senator Richard Lugar (R-IN), the chairman of the Agriculture Committee.

Mother Jones describes the legislative climate when the bill passed:

As part of a decades-long anti-regulatory crusade, Gramm pulled a sly legislative maneuver that greased the way to the multibillion-dollar subprime meltdown….

Gramm’s most cunning coup on behalf of his friends in the financial services industry—friends who gave him millions over his 24-year congressional career—came on December 15, 2000. It was an especially tense time in Washington. Only two days earlier, the Supreme Court had issued its decision on Bush v. Gore. President Bill Clinton and the Republican-controlled Congress were locked in a budget showdown. It was the perfect moment for a wily senator to game the system. As Congress and the White House were hurriedly hammering out a $384-billion omnibus spending bill, Gramm slipped in a 262-page measure called the Commodity Futures Modernization Act.

Not only did that Act enable the subprime meltdown that crashed the economy and put tens of millions into foreclosure, it also enabled Wall Street investors to artificially spike the price of food.

“Bankers had taken control of the world’s food, money chased money, and a billion people went hungry,” Kaufman clarified.

After a year long investigation, he confirmed that price hikes in food from 2005 through the peak in June 2008 had nothing to do with the supply chain, but instead occurred as a result of a Wall Street investment scheme known as Commodity Investment Funds. The first to develop the idea was Goldman Sachs, which took 18 different food sources, including cattle, coffee, cocoa, corn, hogs and wheat, and created an investment package. Kaufman explains:

They weighted the investment value of each element, blended and commingled the parts into sums, then reduced what had been a complicated collection of real things into a mathematical formula that could be expressed as a single manifestation, to be known thenceforward as the Goldman Sachs Commodity Index. Then they began to offer shares.

(Kaufman summarizes his report in this June 2010 interview by Thom Hartmann, and in this July Democracy Now interview.)

Kaufman points out that also in 2008, ConAgra Foods was able to sell its trading arm to a hedge fund for $2.8 billion.  The world’s largest grain trader and GMO giant, Cargill, recorded an 86% jump in annual profits in the first quarter of 2008, attributed to commodity trading and an expanding biofuels market. The Star Tribune calculated that Cargill earned $471,611 an hour that quarter.

The investment bubble burst in June 2008 and “aggregate commodity prices fell about 60% by mid-November 2008,” notes Steve Suppan of the Institute for Agricultural and Trade Policy. Though the US House of Representatives introduced a regulatory bill, “legislative loopholes will exempt at least 40-45%” of such trades.  Supporting the loopholes is Cargill, among other multinational corporations. Suppan concludes:

The outlook for a sustainable and transparent financial system to underwrite trade dependent food security is not good… [T]he budget for the just launched congressional Financial Crisis Inquiry Commission, scheduled to report December 15, [2010] is just $8 million.  The Wall Street lobbying budget for defeating financial reform legislation is thus far $344 million…

The final bill was signed into law in July 2010 (summarized by the New York Times), and the Commodity Futures Trading Commission continues to issue new rules purportedly aimed at regulating financial markets. “But big banks influence the rules governing derivatives through a variety of industry groups,” notes another New York Times piece.

Did the artificial price hike open EU doors to GM foods?

No, in fact, ISAAA noted that: “Six European countries planted 94,750 hectares of biotech crops in 2009, down from seven countries and 107,719 hectares in 2008, as Germany discontinued its planting.”

A closer look at EU member state actions on GM foods after June 2008 details some of the GM-free battle in Europe:

  • In December 2008, after a ten-year hiatus, Italy agreed to open field tests of GM crops.
  • The Czech Republic became the second largest grower of Bt corn in the EU in 2008, nearly doubling the acreage planted in 2007. The USDA characterized it as being an investment target not only in agriculture but also in vaccine development.
  • At the EU level, “In an apparent U-turn in his attitude as one of EU executive’s most GM-wary commissioners, environment chief Stavros Dimas” wrote draft approvals for two more varieties of GM corn, reported Reuters in December 2008.
  • Though pressured by the European Commission, in January 2009 Hungary refused to lift its ban on GM foods. Its sovereign right to reject GMOs, along with Austria’s, was later upheld by an EU vote with 20 member states supporting such bans.
  • In March 2009, Luxembourg became the fifth EU nation to ban GM foods, following France, Hungary, Greece and Austria.

For updates and a more thorough history of EU actions on GM foods, see GMO-Free Europe. European states handle the issue differently than in the US, allowing regions within a nation to maintain GM-free zones. Each step a nation takes toward GM approval invariably draws regional resistance.

Biotech Crops Expand Globally in 2009

Though the strategy to hike food prices to spur European acceptance of GM foods failed, it worked elsewhere.  Globally, biotech crops expanded by 7% in 2009 over 2008 figures, according to this chart by ISAAA:

In fact, ISAAA asserted GM expansion was due to the 2008 price hikes, as noted by chairman and founder Clive James: “With last year’s food crisis, price spikes, and hunger and malnutrition afflicting more than 1 billion people for the first time ever, there has been a global shift from efforts for just food security to food self-sufficiency.”

Poorer nations hardest hit by hunger — in Africa and South America — are more vulnerable to price hikes.  But even after the geologically unusual earthquake in January, Haitian farmers rejected Monsanto’s “gift” of GM seeds.  However, the big push remains in Africa and China.

A Wary Future

Although it is now widely accepted that Wall Street speculation caused the food bubble, starving hundreds of millions, regulators have so far failed to curb the practices that allow international banksters to manipulate food prices.

Meanwhile, the biotech industry continues to repeat its mantra that GM food can cure world hunger.  This claim is not backed by the science and it seems to hold less sway in the GM food debate, especially with the Pope recognizing what many others assert: there is no shortage of food; hunger expanded because of price hikes.

Rady Ananda began blogging in 2004. Her work has appeared in several online and print publications, including three books on election fraud. Most of her career was spent working for lawyers in research, investigations and as a paralegal. She graduated from The Ohio State University’s School of Agriculture with a B.S. in Natural Resources. Read other articles by Rady.

9 comments on this article so far ...

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  1. Don Hawkins said on December 16th, 2010 at 7:26am #

    If this is true it’s a big one. So of course it can’t be true up is down down is up. Doublethink

  2. MichaelKenny said on December 16th, 2010 at 8:31am #

    That GM seed producers would try to use a food crisis to push their products, and would meet with some success in the hardest-hit countries, is unsurprising. But trying to hype a seculative remark in a discussion between US and Spanish trade officials, even supposing it is accurately reported, into a dastardly plot between them and Wall St speculators to promote GM crops via a general increase in food prices is utterly absurd, even by the standards of the American conspiracy fetish. Essentially, Ms Ananda “reasons” that the US government controls the world and thus, whatever happens must be what the US government decided. A more reasonable explanation is that food prices went up for a variety of reasons and those with a financial interest took advantage of that situation. Dubious morality but typical of human nature!
    By the way, the reason why food prices have little or no effect on the EU is that food prices here are higher than world prices due to the Common Agricultural Policy and there is in any event a food surplus. Thus, EU farmers have nothing to gain from GM crops. At best, prices won’t change and at worst, increasing the surplus will drive prices down.

  3. j30 said on December 16th, 2010 at 9:36am #

    Well, Michael ~ If you honestly believe the policy aims of the US government hold no sway in the rest of the world, then you are willfully misinformed.

    If you discount the notion that the US has become the world’s sole superpower, then you simply have not been following the news for the past 20 years.

    Price fixing is a crime, not just “immoral”

    The evidence is not enough to prosecute, admittedly. We still need evidence that the State Dept told Wall Street to boost prices beyond what it was already doing. but we do have the beginning of a case, now.

    1. Elites discussed raising food prices to boost GMO acceptance.
    2. Food prices went up (astronomically)
    3. GMO acceptance increased globally.

    ~ Rady

  4. cruxpuppy said on December 16th, 2010 at 3:16pm #

    Good article for its survey of commodity price manipulation, Rady. One should note that the US is the leading financial “innovator” in global markets and wields enormous influence, or used to! Its mortgage debt securitization scam brought the world to its knees. I don’t know, however, that a scheme to boost GMO is behind the price hikes. Investors were fleeing losses in the housing market bubble. They were being pumped up by Fed bailout money. This is most likely the immediate and primary cause. That is not to say such a scheme was not discussed. It may have played a role. Just the fact alone that it was considered merits the attention you have given it. Keep on digging in those cables!

  5. j30 said on December 16th, 2010 at 5:18pm #

    Agreed, cruxpuppy ~ price fixing to boost GMOs was only discussed, and there’s no evidence beyond that. Also, we do know that Wall Street was already goofing with the commodities market anyway.

    I still wonder if they boosted prices beyond what they were originally doing in response to a request to do so.

    still searching thru the cables — the discussion of “agriculture” yields hundreds of cables, which will take some time to go thru.

    be nice if I made money at this, eh?

  6. hayate said on December 16th, 2010 at 9:53pm #

    “The Czech Republic became the second largest grower of Bt corn in the EU in 2008, nearly doubling the acreage planted in 2007. The USDA characterized it as being an investment target not only in agriculture but also in vaccine development.”

    In many ways, Cz has been the most obedient Eastern European to ziofascist/fascist hedgemony, so that does not surprise. When tel aviv or new york say “jump”, their puppets running Czechoslovakia usually are already mounted upon their trampolines.

  7. Jerome the Gnome said on December 22nd, 2010 at 12:19pm #

    Good job in reporting on this. We at http://EZGrowMushrooms.com follow food freedom stories zealously and encourage others to do the same.

  8. j30 said on December 22nd, 2010 at 5:17pm #

    hey, thanks, Jerome


    ~ Rady

  9. crguna said on December 26th, 2010 at 4:55pm #

    How cruel and Inhuman can authoritarian Governments get in the absence of public scrutiny?