Video Shows Price of Cheap Eggs: Chicks Ground Up Alive

The “food units” cascading down the conveyor in the video are sorted like apples, fine grade, unusable.

Except that the kinetic yellow balls–an undulating fuzzy mass– are not pears or peppers but newborn chicks.

And they’re being sorted into male, female and deformed–with male and deformed destined for death.

A video just released by Mercy For Animals from Hy-Line Hatchery in Spencer, Iowa, the largest hatchery for egg-laying breed chicks in the U.S., confirms what has been rumored for years about the egg industry: that newborn males which are worthless to the industry are ground up alive in chopping machines called macerators.

Video from a hidden camera clearly shows healthy male chicks, peeping and bouncing as they greet the world, fed into the blades of the macerator like so much litter. Hello! Goodbye!

Hatchery_Warning_Color

“I saw a bloody slush coming out of the bottom of the grinder,” writes the MFA investigator who worked in the Hy-Line “transfer room” and on the cleaning crew during May and June. “The plant manager told me that the ground-up male chicks were used in dog food and fertilizer.”

Also shown in the Mercy For Animals video is the debeaking procedure in which chicks are inserted en mass into a laser cutter where they dangle by their beaks, struggling, while burns are inflicted that make part of their beak fall off in a week.

Nor does the egg industry want to waste any time letting a chick peck its way out of its shell to start its tour of duty on the egg farm, if it’s female.

The hatchery’s “separator” machine efficiently disconnects newborns from their shells at the price of the few which fall to the ground or get caught in the machine and “washed” along with the equipment.

Asked about the panting, damp newborns on the floor, half born and half dead, a worker tells the MFA investigator, “Some of them get on the floor and get wet and then they’re no good. And those that were dumped down there were probably just dead ones that were stuck in the trays. That end of the machine is for washing the trays…if they’re stuck in there, they get washed out and that’s how come they’re in there.”

Like veal calves on dairy farms, egg industry chicks experience no moments with their mothers despite their innate biological urges. Their first memories will be of blades, pain and terror not of a mother in the mechanized hell the egg industry has devised to bring cheap product to the market.

Veterinarians have condemned the procedures shown in the video, which are both legal and accepted industry practices–including in so-called free range operations–and approved by the American Veterinary Medical Association.

“Intense pain, shock and bleeding result” from debeaking–which is done to offset the effects of crowding–and “some chicks may die outright in the process,” says Nedim C. Buyukmihci, V.M.D., Emeritus Professor of Veterinary Medicine at the University of California who has specialized in farmed animals and chickens. “There is loss of weight because the chicks are too painful or disfigured to eat properly, sometimes because the tongue is injured or severed during the process.”

Illinois veterinarian Debra Teachout agrees.

The beak is a “sensory organ” necessary not just for grasping food, but for “preening, drinking, manipulating objects in the environment, nest building and defense,” says Dr. Teachout. “As a practicing veterinarian, if I were treating a pet chicken of the same age that required a similar surgical procedure on its beak for therapeutic reasons, and I did not use anesthetics followed by pain modulation, it would be considered malpractice.”

And maceration?

In which “chicks vocalize and bounce around a few times” even as they “free fall” into the pit with the auger and are “pushed into the grinder to their death,” as Dr. Teachout describes? A fate which greets 150,000 baby males a day at the hatchery according to the MFA investigator?

It cannot be termed euthanasia, says Dr. Teachout. That term implies a “good death.”

The U.S. trade group United Egg Producers confirms the maceration–grinding up while alive–of 150,000 baby chicks daily. “There is, unfortunately, no way to breed eggs that only produce female hens,” spokesman Mitch Head tells the Associated Press. “If someone has a need for 200 million male chicks, we’re happy to provide them to anyone who wants them. But we can find no market, no need.”

At simultaneous press conferences this week in Spencer, Des Moines and Davenport, Iowa, Nathan Runkle, executive director of Chicago-based Mercy For Animals presented the video to media and called on Wal-Mart, Kroger, Safeway and 47 other grocery chains to affix a new label to egg cartoons:

It says “Warning: Male chicks are ground-up alive by the egg industry,” and depicts a chick atop grinding blades.

“The vast majority of Americans care deeply about farmed animal welfare issues, yet, they’re kept in the dark about the egg industry’s painful disposal of male chicks,” says Runkle. “If egg producers threw, mutilated and ground up puppies or kittens, they’d be prosecuted for cruelty to animals!”

Not only do grocery stores and consumers have an obligation to acknowledge the truth about eggs, there are many easy and delicious egg alternatives, says Runkle. “Compassionate consumers can find an assortment of mouthwatering egg-free recipes at ChooseVeg.com.”

Martha Rosenberg is a columnist/cartoonist who writes about public health. Her first book, titled Born with a Junk Food Deficiency: How Flaks, Quacks and Hacks Pimp the Public Health, has just been released by Prometheus Books. She can be reached at: martharosenberg@sbcglobal.net. Read other articles by Martha.

9 comments on this article so far ...

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  1. kalidas said on September 2nd, 2009 at 11:30am #

    You have just dined, and however scrupulously the slaughterhouse is concealed in the graceful distance of miles, there is complicity. — Ralph Waldo Emerson …

  2. mary said on September 2nd, 2009 at 11:33am #

    This video is so horrifying that it is now one of the internet’s ‘virals’.

    The company has a factory in Studley in Warwickshire in the UK I discovered when trying to find out about the ownership of HyLine. They boast of supplying 60% of the UK chick market.

    Part of the Brave New World it would seem.

    ‘Founded in 1936, Hy-Line International was the first of the modern layer genetics companies to incorporate hybridization and the explosive potential of hybrid vigor into its breeding program on a commercial scale and to use it alongside time tested methods of genetic selection coupled with scientific statistical analysis to develop and improve one of the world’s most extensive gene pools.

    Hy-Line geneticists, more than six decades ago, developed the world’s first hybrid egg laying chicken produced on a commercial scale and through the decades have maintained and improved the genetic product through the use of time tested breeding techniques in combination with blood typing and other new genetic innovations to guarantee ongoing genetic superiority and consistency – bird to bird, variety to variety, generation to generation.

    Hy-Line International’s dedication to genetic excellence for nearly three quarters of a century has produced revolutionary breakthroughs in the science of poultry breeding that have not only benefited the worldwide egg production industry, but in so doing have helped to feed the earth’s burgeoning human population.’

    http://www.hy-line.co.uk/CompHyLineInternational.html?sPage=m_tplateamenu6submenu6_1&menObj=m_tplateamenu6

    Hopefully the market will crash and this cruel trade will cease. Boycott, Boycott, Boycott.

  3. mary said on September 2nd, 2009 at 1:10pm #

    The link to the video (almost unwatchable)

    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JJ–faib7to

  4. Todd Reeder said on September 2nd, 2009 at 7:21pm #

    unwanted chicks being tossed alive into a grinder at an Iowa plant and accused egg hatcheries of being “perhaps the cruelest industry” in the world. WHAT ABOUT THE MURDER OF INNOCENT BABIES. I GUESS THEY THINK ABORTION IS NOT CRUELTY. MAYBE THEY THINK ABORTION IS OK, BUT KILLING LITTLE CHICKS IS HORRIBLE.

    how twisted is that?

  5. catherine said on September 3rd, 2009 at 10:53am #

    This is one of the reasons I’ve wished on occasion that I rescued chickens instead of cats (no offense to my cats, whom I love), because it would mean I could buy chicken feed instead of cat food, which is where these chicks end up – in pet food cans.

  6. Az said on September 3rd, 2009 at 11:07am #

    This makes me sick. It’s so so wrong… so wrong… so horrible. I can’t believe its legal… I just can’t believe it.

    Boycott, Boycott, Boycott.

  7. Sheila Velazquez said on September 4th, 2009 at 4:47am #

    This method is probably the most cost-effective for a large operation. Small operations have their own way of dealing with unwanted males, not much prettier. If the consumer wants eggs and wants them cheap, producers do what they must to stay competitive.

    A lot of the complainers are all talk. If a small producer adds a buck to a dozen eggs and tells the buyer it’s to cover the cost of putting old hens or extra roosters out to pasture, the consumer will not care/pay. Trust me, I know.

  8. Sheila Velazquez said on September 4th, 2009 at 4:57am #

    On debeaking. I don’t have mine done, but chickens are cannibalistic. One will see something interesting on another’s butt and pick at it. As soon as blood is drawn, the others join in. Debeaking isn’t necessary if you provide the right conditions–plenty of room for the birds to roam, etc. But in commercial operations where you can’t (again for cost reasons), the damage done to individual birds can be pretty gruesome. There are two sides to every story, and, in this case, procedure. I suggest that unless you have done that, you have no right making judgement calls.

    It’s all for the consumer, most of whom really don’t care. They are not experts who make generous incomes by offering their “opinions,” but rather working people too busy trying to afford food for their kids.

  9. mary said on September 4th, 2009 at 5:23am #

    I cannot believe that you are attempting (without success) to justify this cruelty ie ‘It’s all for the sake of cheap food’. One cruel act leads to another viz the slaughter of more than 90 people by incineration in Afghanistan earlier today. (news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/south_asia/8237287.stm)
    NATO will be ‘disappointed’ according to the BBC reporter.

    How and why did the torturers in their black gloves in Abu Ghraib arise?
    http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/0/0d/Abu_Ghraib_prison_abuse.jpg/180px-Abu_Ghraib_prison_abuse.jpg