Over the past dozen years, probably no grassroots campaign has excited progressives more -- and generated more real victories -- than the living wage movement.
Over 120 communities, big and small alike, have now enacted ordinances that require businesses that win government contracts to pay a living wage. These victories have made an undeniable impact. Low-wage workers from Baltimore to Los Angeles have seen their annual take-home pay rise by hundreds, even thousands, of dollars.
Yet, as a sobering new report reminds us, the pay gap in America’s workplaces -- between workers and top executives -- has actually widened, and significantly so. Last year, notes “Executive Excess 2006,” a just-released report from the Institute for Policy Studies and United for a Fair Economy, top executives at major U.S. corporations took home 411 times more than average workers.
In 1994, at the birth of the living wage movement, chief executive pay outpaced pay for average workers by only 142 times.
All this concentrating of wealth at the top of our corporate ladder has become America’s single biggest engine of inequality. Between 1993 and 2003, according to researchers at Harvard and Cornell, the top five executives at America’s 1,500 biggest companies more than doubled their share of corporate earnings. These top execs took home $290 billion, over a quarter of a trillion dollars.
The impact of executive pay jackpots on our great divide actually goes far beyond the sheer immensity of this $290 billion. To fatten corporate bottom lines and hit those jackpots, executives have downsized workers, outsourced jobs, gutted pensions, trimmed benefits, and slashed R & D. These executive decisions, taken together, have left American workers appreciably poorer --and American companies considerably less competitive.
How have progressives responded? Trade union and activist religious groups have taken the lead. They¹ve pressed resolutions against CEO pay excess at annual corporate shareholder meetings. And they’ve lobbied for new rules that could help shareholders challenge corporate boards that wink at executive pay outrages.
But organizing against executive pay excess remains, by and large, a low-priority concern for most progressives. And that’s a shame. The struggle against greed in the suites could become, with a strategic approach imaginative enough, a wonderful opportunity to shove corporate behavior and power back onto America¹s political radar screen.
And what might that approach be? The new “Executive Excess 2006” report offers a provocative suggestion: Let¹s build on the successes of the living wage movement.
Living wage campaigns all start from the same basic assumption. Our public tax dollars should not, as activists from ACORN put it, “be subsidizing poverty-wage work.”
Our public tax dollars should not be subsidizing executive jackpots either. But right now they are. Corporations routinely pocket government contracts and subsidies that translate into mega-paydays for their top executives.
Just one example: CEOs at the nation’s top 34 defense industry companies, the new “Executive Excess” report documents, have seen their average pay double since the “War on Terror” began.
This sort of profiteering is going on throughout the U.S. economy. Nearly every major corporation in the United States today is taking in substantial revenue from government contracts, subsidies, tax breaks, or grants.
The living wage movement, jurisdiction by jurisdiction, is organizing to place strings on these contracts and subsidies. No tax dollars, the living wage movement demands, to companies that pay poverty wages! Why not ratchet up that demand? No tax dollars for companies that pay plutocrat wages!
One member of Congress is already moving in this direction. Rep. Martin Sabo from Minnesota has proposed legislation that would deny corporations tax deductions on any executive compensation that runs over 25 times what a company’s lowest-paid workers receive. Under current law, the more corporations lavish on their executives in “incentives”, the more they can deduct off their corporate income taxes.
Sabo’s Income Equity Act offers a precedent that could be extended to any situation that involves the transfer of tax dollars to private corporate entities. In a jurisdiction that has already enacted a living wage ordinance, for instance, progressives could insist that no government contracts ought to go to companies that pay their top executives over 25 times that jurisdiction’s living wage.
With a rule like this in place, top corporate executives would suddenly find themselves with an incredibly powerful personal incentive to advocate for a higher living wage.
As a nation, we already deny our tax dollars to companies that discriminate, in their employment policies, against women and people of color. We’ve determined that our tax dollars must not subsidize corporate practices that widen racial and gender inequality.
So why should we let our tax dollars widen economic inequality?
That doesn't make sense. Then again, excessive inequality never does.
Other Articles by Sam Pizzigati