Spotted Elk a.k.a. Heȟáka Glešká [Lakota] or Hoh-pong-ge-le-skah [Cheyenne] who later became known as ‘Big Foot’ or ‘Si Tȟaŋka’ in a 1872 portrait taken while part of a Dakota delegation visiting Washington D.C. US National Archives and Records Administration Photo Citation # 111-SC-87772.

Kim Petersen is a former co-editor of the Dissident Voice newsletter. He can be reached at: Twitter: @kimpetersen. Read other articles by Kim.