Annals of Homeland Security: Crony Capitalism, Nuclear Terror and the “Advanced Spectroscopic Portal”

When the Department of Homeland Security announced in 2006 that it awarded contracts totaling some $1.2 billion over five years to Raytheon, Thermo Electron and Canberra Industries for “Advanced Spectroscopic Portal” (ASP) radiation monitors, it should have been reality-check time.

But Congress being what it is, it wasn’t, and now massive cost overruns plague the project with little to show in way of “deterrence.” As Global Security Newswire reported last May,

Raytheon and Thermo Electron are both headquartered in Waltham, Mass., in the district represented by Representative Edward Markey (D-Mass.), a senior member of the Homeland Security Committee. Canberra Industries is headquartered in Meriden, Conn., in Lieberman’s state. (Chris Strohm, “US Lawmakers Ask for Audit of Bush Administration Plans to Buy Radiation Detectors,” Global Security Newswire, May 16, 2007)

Can you say congressional grifters well-attuned to the “needs” of their “constituents”–multinational defense firms “keeping America safe”–for their bottom lines? Let’s take a peek at these DHS “winners.”

According to Washington Technology, Raytheon Co. “earned” $5,170,829,645 in outsourced government contracts and was No. 4 on their “Top 100” list. How did they do it? If we’re to believe Washington Technology, by “sticking close to their customers, developing contingency plans and looking for ways to make their customers’ lives easier.”

Raytheon provides a range of “services” including: “integrated defense systems, intelligence and information systems, missile systems, network centric systems, Raytheon Technical Services Company LLC and space and airborne systems” for the FBI, Navy, Air Force, Defense Department and the General Services Administration. Additionally, the company provides “enhanced information technology solutions and services through the GSA’s Alliant IDIQ contract. The company is specifically providing infrastructure, application services and IT management services to support federal agencies. The 10-year contract is worth $50 billion, but is on hold as it undergoes further reviews by GSA.”

GSA would be well-advised to take a very close look at Raytheon!

Thermo Electron, now Thermo Fisher Scientific, manufactures an array of analytical instruments ranging from biosafety cabinets to radiation measurement and protection systems. According to Thermo’s web site, their Security and Detection Systems division “offers a full range of security products and services for the detection of nuclear materials, explosives, chemical and biological agents, and radiological protection. Our instruments are a first line of defense for first responders and border control personnel. Also, used in laboratories, nuclear, waste treatment and environmental monitoring.”

Meanwhile, Canberra Industries’ Homeland Security division, is a subsidiary of French nuclear-manufacturing titan, the Areva Group. Canberra claims that its mission is the “Prevention of a terrorist act involving nuclear or radiological weapons… Commitment to maintain constant vigil against those who would conspire to bring such acts of terror to our cities, and the commitment to arm those who protect our borders and ensure our security with the best available technology.”

What has DHS gotten for our money as it maintains a “constant vigil” against terrorists threatening the heimat?

Sold as a high-tech “homeland security tool” that is able to provide increased capability to detect illicit nuclear or radiological material inside containers entering American ports “with low false alarm rates,” it turns out the newfangled ASPs are no better than what’s currently in place. Indeed, today’s monitors are ill-equipped to distinguish between say, the components for manufacturing a radiological dirty bomb from–wait!–natural radiation emitters such as kitty litter, ceramics and bananas!

As originally sold, and bought, by Congress, DHS’ Domestic Nuclear Detection Office (DNDO) said each ASP would cost some $500,000 each to buy and deploy. But according to The Washington Post,

Now the nuclear detection office estimates that the total cost for each machine will work out to at least $778,000. The office said it needs almost $68 million “for the procurement and deployment” of 87 machines for one portion of the project, according to budget documents. (Robert O’Harrow Jr., “Radiation Monitors to Cost More than DHS Estimated in ’06,” The Washington Post, Saturday, June 28, 2008; D01)

A DNDO spokesman told the Post,

“The cost per unit of the Advanced Spectroscopic Portal system has not increased in price. The cost was previously quoted to Congressional staff and the Government Accountability Office as approximately $377,000,” Knocke said in an e-mail. “Congressional officials were also advised that there was a deployment cost associated with each system that includes a one year maintenance contract. The cost of deployment is approximately $325,000 and $400,000 per unit for current generation Radiation Portal Monitors and Advanced Spectroscopic Portal systems, respectively.”

In other words, Congress was warned–and should have known–that massive cost overruns would be “factored in” to the original contract by these “enterprising” corporate malefactors. Indeed, the ubiquitous “some officials” dotting the Washington landscape like mushrooms after a warm rain, told the Post “the cost to buy and deploy the ASPs could climb even higher after the GAO completes an independent assessment this summer.”

How much higher? No one knows for sure.

The project has been repeatedly delayed by technological glitches, management incompetence, indeed, by questions whether or not the newfangled ASP critters even work, according to GAO auditors.

When the program was first touted by DHS Secretary Michael Chertoff in 2006, GAO watchdogs questioned whether the expense was even worth it, since the “cost-benefit” report report submitted to Congress to win approval for deploying some 1,400 of the new devices were more expensive and that ASPs probably didn’t perform “significantly better” than what was already taking up space and gathering dust at American ports.

Additional questions were raised by the veracity of the manufacturer’s claims when the GAO discovered that ASP tests may have been rigged in order to “generate data for Chertoff’s certification decision,” as the Post delicately puts it.

The auditors found that the “tests were flawed because manufacturers of the monitors were allowed to conduct ‘dress rehearsals’ and calibrate their machines in anticipation of testing, which auditors said inappropriately enhanced the monitors’ performance.”

But since “failure is not an option” in the administration’s ceaseless drive to “keep America safe,” Chertoff has “delayed” certification since the machines “needed more work.” However, DNDO is “preparing new tests” and has a goal of “securing certification” from Chertoff “by the beginning of fiscal 2009.”

Congress responded “heroically.” Rather than killing the program outright for its failure to deliver on advertised claims, they “cut $22.7 million from the program’s requested budget.” Senate appropriators said, “The Committee notes that certification of the Advanced Spectroscopic Portal monitor systems by the Secretary will likely not occur expeditiously enough for quick obligation of the requested funds and has reduced this account accordingly.”

But as with all assertions of “major technological breakthroughs” by corporate con men out to make a buck (remember DARPA’s loony-quest for a “hafnium bomb“?) raising the specter of “nuclear terrorism,” is a sure bet in Washington especially during an election year. One thing is certain however, the fear factory’s well-heeled army of smooth-talking lobbyists will be ramping-up production lines for a “new and improved” ASP.

Tom Burghardt is a researcher and activist based in the San Francisco Bay Area. His articles are published in many venues. He is the editor of Police State America: U.S. Military "Civil Disturbance" Planning, distributed by AK Press. Read other articles by Tom, or visit Tom's website.

3 comments on this article so far ...

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  1. Ryan said on June 30th, 2008 at 11:00am #

    Not impressed.

    First, how difficult is it to throw together analysis on the “services” Raytheon provides by listing the 6 businesses that comprise their company? Bravo, anybody can find the same information on the cover page of their website. Perhaps you could have found some information on Homeland Security work they have done, which would have been applicable to your article. But then.. you would have run the risk of making them appear valauble.

    Also, what’s the justification for including the Alliant ID/IQ contract in your article. It’s not clear that ASP was awarded under that contract… I can’t find any mention of it with regard to ASP…

    Finally, you either don’t understand the Alliant ID/IQ contract, or hope to intentionally mis-lead your reader by making it appear Raytheon could take home $50B over the next 10 years.

    FYI: ID/IQ (indefinite delivery, indefinte quantity) contracts allow the government to compete each “task” separately (the $50B could be split into many small increments). Also, Raytheon is not the only awardee, there are at least a dozen (I understand up to 30), significant competitors for each task.
    The point of an ID/IQ contract is to hold an initial competition to narrow the field, then you only have to go through the top-tier contenders each time you need something done (instead of every shmoe who wants to work for the government). It’s a method to reduce the bureaucracy, steamline the procurement process, and SAVE MONEY, something I’m sure you’d be pleased to hear.


  2. HR said on June 30th, 2008 at 3:36pm #

    Well, we USans are a lost cause. Nothing but a herd of fools would stand by idly in the face of such nonsense … yet we have been actively supporting the national security state by consistently electing the monsters who promote it, to “congress” and the “executive” since the end of the last phase of the Twentieth Century World War. And now, we, particularly the yuppie scum among us, live by the mantra, “I have nothing to fear if I’ve done nothing wrong. My leaders were installed by god’s will to protect me.” A sorry damned lot, who get exactly the government they deserve. Good riddance to the whole pathetic species.

  3. me said on July 8th, 2008 at 7:13am #

    While there are dozens of reasons to be concerned regarding the spending of Homeland Security moneys, you should be very careful publishing a document like this. As you blame industry and government for misleading the public, this article shows very little investigative energy or depth, throwing a few irrelevant facts into a self-rightous tyrade that is more misleading than anything you attempt to illuminate.

    Many in the industry close to what is going on use google identify articles on key programs to keep track of where things are going. So, writers need to understand that when they throw a temper tantrum that would normally raise interest in a bar full of people that happen to be underinformed, stringing a few facts together can seem like a decent argument and raise some concensus.

    As one who is far from an advocate of the topics here, I will point out that this article makes absolute no relevant point. While your premise may be true, it is most certainly NOT for any of the reasons you illuminate. For instance, the ASP tests you mention were NEVER intended to be an objective test of these products. It was a RELATIVE test to downselect from 10 to 3 contestants and the objective was to give everyone a chance to tune and demonstrate the best their products could achieve. The intention being a thorough WORKING understanding of how these technologies performed.

    Someone in DNDO made the drastic mistake of letting these test results be misinterpreted as a blind test and of course the process and results could not withstand scrutiny that would be applied to tests of an absolute standard of performance.

    Do some homework, call some people, make a real effort to understand…